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      Simplified Automated Right Ventricular Overdrive Pacing for Rapid Diagnosis of Supraventricular Tachycardia

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          Objectives: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic value of right ventricular overdrive pacing (RVOP) during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) using a 2-catheter approach with automatic pacing from the right ventricular inflow (RVIT) and outflow tract (RVOT). Methods: One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients (with 138 arrhythmias, mean age 36 ± 20 years, range 4-95) were enrolled in this study. Only coronary sinus and ablation catheters were used. RVOP was delivered from RVIT and then from RVOT. Each attempt consisted of 10 synchronized beats delivered at a cycle length of 10-40 ms longer than the tachycardia cycle length. Results: RVOP was sufficient to confirm the transition zone within the first 9 beats in the majority of SVTs. Atrial perturbation (acceleration, delayed) in the transition zone was detected in all patients with orthodromic atrioventricular (AV) reentry. Patients with typical AV nodal reentry, atypical AV nodal reentry and atrial tachycardia did not show atrial timing perturbation during fusion complexes of RVOP. Conclusions: Synchronized RVOP from RVIT or RVOT is an easy and accurate method for the quick and reliable differential diagnosis of SVT in various clinical settings, particularly when only a limited number of catheters are used.

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          Most cited references 16

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          ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias--executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Supraventricular Arrhythmias).

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            Occupational health hazards in the interventional laboratory: time for a safer environment.

            This document is a consensus statement by the major American societies of physicians who work in the interventional laboratory environment. It reviews available data on the prevalence of occupational health risks and summarizes ongoing epidemiologic studies designed to further elucidate these risks. Its purpose is to affirm that the interventional laboratory poses workplace hazards that must be acknowledged, better understood, and mitigated to the greatest extent possible. Vigorous efforts are advocated to reduce these hazards. Interventional physicians and their professional societies, working together with industry, should strive toward minimizing operator radiation exposure, eliminating the need for personal protective apparel, and ending the orthopedic and ergonomic consequences of the interventional laboratory work environment.
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              First postpacing interval after tachycardia entrainment with correction for atrioventricular node delay: a simple maneuver for differential diagnosis of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardias versus orthodromic reciprocating tachycardias.

              The difference between the first postpacing interval (PPI) after tachycardia entrainment from the right ventricular apex and the tachycardia cycle length (TCL) can be used as an index of proximity to the circuit. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the response to entrainment of tachycardia during ventricular stimulation with correction for AV node delay is a useful, simple maneuver for differentiating AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) from orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) using a concealed accessory pathway. The study consisted of 193 consecutive patients who underwent electrophysiologic study and ablation of regular paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia without preexcitation during sinus rhythm. Tachycardia entrainment was attempted through trains of 5 to 15 right ventricular apex pacing pulses. The increment in AV nodal conduction time in the first PPI was subtracted from the PPI-TCL difference (corrected PPI-TCL). Electrophysiologic study demonstrated ORT in 84 patients and AVNRT in 109 patients. Transient entrainment was achieved in all but 12 patients. The mean corrected PPI-TCL difference was significantly shorter in 77 patients with ORT (66 +/- 27 ms) than in 104 AVNRT patients (151 +/- 28 ms; P <.0001). Patients with septal accessory pathways had shorter corrected PPI-TCL differences than patients with free-wall accessory pathways. The presence of a corrected PPI-TCL difference <110 ms identified all but one patient with ORT, and no patients with AVNRT had such a difference. The return cycle after tachycardia entrainment by right ventricular apex stimulation with correction for AV node delay is a rapid, useful maneuver for differential diagnosis of AVNRT vs ORT in patients without preexcitation. The presence of a corrected PPI-TCL <110 ms accurately identified with high reliability those patients with ORT.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                September 2014
                10 September 2014
                : 129
                : 2
                : 93-102
                aDepartment of Electroradiology, Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, and bDepartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Center for Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, cELMedica, EP Network, Kielce, dDepartment of Cardiology and Pediatric Cardiology, Electrophysiology Division, Research and Development Center, Voivodeship Specialist Hospital, Wroclaw, and eDepartment of Pediatric Cardiology, SMU, Katowice, Poland; fDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, EP Section, SUNY Downstate, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA
                Author notes
                *Adam S. Budzikowski, MD, PhD, FHRS, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, EP Section, SUNY Downstate, 450 Clarkson Ave, Box 1199, Brooklyn, NY 11203 (USA), E-Mail
                362786 Cardiology 2014;129:93-102
                © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 4, Pages: 10
                Original Research


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