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      Germ-line ATM gene alterations are associated with susceptibility to sporadic T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children.

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          Abstract

          A major feature of ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an increased risk of cancer, particularly of lymphoid malignancies. We studied ATM gene involvement in leukemic cells derived from 39 pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs). Two types of sequence changes--truncating and missense--were identified in 8 T-cell ALL samples: 3 truncating changes, all previously identified in A-T (R35X, -30del215, 2284delCT), and 3 missense variants (V410A, F582L, F1463C) were found, none associated with loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In all patients studied, the mutation was present in the germ-line. A-T carriers, defined by the finding of truncating mutations, were found to be 12.9 times more frequent than in the normal population (P = 0.004). A normally ethnically matched population was screened for the 3 missense variants, and their frequency was significantly more prevalent (4.9-fold excess) than in the normal population (P = 0.03). Our data suggest there is some evidence of an association between missense alterations in the ATM gene and T-cell ALL. A significant difference in the mean age at diagnosis of T-cell ALL was noted between patients harboring an ATM sequence change and those with no change, 5.4 years and 9.7 years, respectively (P = 0.001). No ATM alterations were identified in relapse samples, indicating that ATM does not play a role in disease progression. The high prevalence of germ-line truncating and missense ATM gene alterations among children with sporadic T-cell ALL suggests an association with susceptibility to T-cell acute leukemia and supports the model of predisposition to cancer in A-T heterozygotes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Genes Chromosomes Cancer
          Genes, chromosomes & cancer
          1045-2257
          1045-2257
          Feb 2004
          : 39
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Molecular Oncology, Felsenstein Medical Research Center, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
          Article
          10.1002/gcc.10306
          14695997
          86944046-6479-4003-94ec-e29a1da346f5
          Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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