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      Mass spectrometric analysis of tobacco-specific nitrosamine hemoglobin adducts in snuff dippers, smokers, and nonsmokers.

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          Abstract

          Hemoglobin adducts of the carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone and N'-nitrosonornicotine were quantified in blood samples collected from snuff dippers, smokers, and nonsmokers. Mild base treatment of hemoglobin adducted by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone or N'-nitrosonornicotine releases 4-hydroxy-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (HPB). HPB was enriched by solvent partitioning and derivatized to its pentafluorobenzoate. After purification by high performance liquid chromatography, HPB-pentafluorobenzoate was analyzed by capillary column gas chromatography with detection by negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and selected ion monitoring. [4,4-D2]HPB was used as internal standard. The detection limit for HPB-pentafluorobenzoate was approximately 100 amol/injection or 5 fmol/g hemoglobin. Mean adduct levels (fmol HPB/g hemoglobin) were 517 +/- 538 (SD) in snuff dippers, 79.6 +/- 189 in smokers, and 29.3 +/- 25.9 in nonsmokers. Adduct levels in snuff dippers and in a subgroup of smokers were higher than would have been predicted solely based on estimates of exposure to tobacco-specific nitrosamines. The results of this study provide the first measurements of tobacco-specific nitrosamine hemoglobin adducts in humans and suggest new approaches to understanding the metabolic activation of 4-(methyl-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone and N'-nitrosonornicotine in humans.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Cancer Res.
          Cancer research
          0008-5472
          0008-5472
          Sep 01 1990
          : 50
          : 17
          Affiliations
          [1 ] American Health Foundation, Valhalla, New York 10595.
          Article
          2386948
          87303ef7-d9ae-4e84-ad17-952c8eb45352
          History

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