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      Utilización de Internet y dependencia a teléfonos móviles en adolescentes Translated title: Using Internet and dependence on mobile phones in adolescents Translated title: A utilização da Internet e a dependência de celulares dos adolescentes

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          Abstract

          El objetivo principal del presente trabajo ha sido analizar el uso que los adolescentes realizan de Internet y los teléfonos móviles. Se utilizó un diseño descriptivo, para la muestra se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 10 centros educativos, registrando 874 encuestas. Los adolescentes utilizan masivamente la Red, accediendo a la misma cada vez más a través del teléfono móvil, no aparecen casos llamativos de dependencia en el empleo del teléfono móvil. Otro de los problemas detectados ha sido el del tiempo de conexión a Internet, que aumenta de manera significativa al igual que destacan otros estudios similares. Es fundamental potenciar el papel de familias y centros educativos para dotar a los jóvenes de estrategias que les permitan realizar unos usos adecuados.

          Translated abstract

          The main objective of this study was to analyze the use made of the teenagers Internet and mobile phones. A descriptive design was used, for the sample were randomly selected 10 schools, registering 874 surveys. Teens use Internet massively, increasingly accessed via mobile phone, although do not show a lot of cases of dependency on the use of mobile phone. Another of the problems identified was the Internet connection time, which increases significantly as others similar studies indicates. It is essential to enhance the role of families and schools to equip young people with strategies to do adequate use.

          Translated abstract

          O principal objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o uso da Internet e de celulares pelos adolescentes. Utilizou-se um modelo descritivo. Para a amostra, a seleção ocorreu de forma aleatória em 10 centros educativos, registrando 874 respostas. Os adolescentes utilizam massivamente a Internet e a acessam cada vez mais por meio dos smartphones. Não constam, nesta pesquisa, casos marcantes de dependência no emprego do smartphone. Outro dos problemas detectados tem sido o do tempo de conexão à Internet, que aumenta de maneira significativa, conforme destacam outros estudos similares. é fundamental reforçar o papel das famílias e das escolas na hora de adotar estratégias que permitam aos jovens utilizar a internet de modo adequado, visando a potencialização de suas capacidades cognitivas.

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          Most cited references37

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          Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use.

          Mobile phone use is banned or illegal under certain circumstances and in some jurisdictions. Nevertheless, some people still use their mobile phones despite recognized safety concerns, legislation, and informal bans. Drawing potential predictors from the addiction literature, this study sought to predict usage and, specifically, problematic mobile phone use from extraversion, self-esteem, neuroticism, gender, and age. To measure problem use, the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale was devised and validated as a reliable self-report instrument, against the Addiction Potential Scale and overall mobile phone usage levels. Problem use was a function of age, extraversion, and low self-esteem, but not neuroticism. As extraverts are more likely to take risks, and young drivers feature prominently in automobile accidents, this study supports community concerns about mobile phone use, and identifies groups that should be targeted in any intervention campaigns.
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            Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: development of a theory-based cognitive–behavioral measurement instrument

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              The psychometric properties of the internet addiction test.

              There is growing concern about excessive Internet use and whether this can amount to an addiction. In researching this topic, a valid and reliable assessment instrument is essential. In her survey of Internet addiction, Young designed the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), which provides a basis for developments. The IAT has high face validity, but it has not been subjected to systematic psychometric testing. This study sought to replicate and expand Young's survey, and to examine the IAT more systematically. A questionnaire that existed as a Web page was devised, consisting of the IAT and 15 other questions regarding the respondents' demographic information and Internet usage. Participants were recruited through the Internet, yielding 86 valid responses (29 males and 57 females). Factor analysis of the IAT revealed six factors--salience, excessive use, neglecting work, anticipation, lack of control, and neglecting social life. These factors showed good internal consistency and concurrent validity, with salience being the most reliable. Younger and more recent users reported more problems, mainly concerning the neglect of work and social life. We expected interactive Internet functions to be more addictive; however, this was not found to be so. Overall, the IAT is a valid and reliable instrument that may be used in further research on Internet addiction.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rlcs
                Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud
                Rev.latinoam.cienc.soc.niñez juv
                Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Niñez y Juventud Cinde - Universidad de Manizales (Manizales, Caldas, Colombia )
                1692-715X
                July 2016
                : 14
                : 2
                : 1357-1369
                Affiliations
                [02] orgnameUniversidad de Málaga orgdiv1Departamento. de Didáctica y Organización Escolar España josesanchez@ 123456uma.es
                [03] orgnameUniversidad de Granada España jttorres@ 123456ugr.es
                [01] orgnameUniversidad de Málaga España julio@ 123456uma.es
                Article
                S1692-715X2016000200033
                10.11600/1692715x.14232080715
                8765bba4-ed10-43fd-857d-16710083bad9

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 08 July 2015
                : 04 September 2015
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 39, Pages: 13
                Product

                SciELO Colombia


                Internet,adolescents,teléfonos inteligentes,smartphones,Mobile phones,adolescentes,internet

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