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      Super‐recognizers: From the lab to the world and back again

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          Abstract

          The recent discovery of individuals with superior face processing ability has sparked considerable interest amongst cognitive scientists and practitioners alike. These ‘Super‐recognizers’ ( SRs) offer clues to the underlying processes responsible for high levels of face processing ability. It has been claimed that they can help make societies safer and fairer by improving accuracy of facial identity processing in real‐world tasks, for example when identifying suspects from Closed Circuit Television or performing security‐critical identity verification tasks. Here, we argue that the current understanding of superior face processing does not justify widespread interest in SR deployment: There are relatively few studies of SRs and no evidence that high accuracy on laboratory‐based tests translates directly to operational deployment. Using simulated data, we show that modest accuracy benefits can be expected from deploying SRs on the basis of ideally calibrated laboratory tests. Attaining more substantial benefits will require greater levels of communication and collaboration between psychologists and practitioners. We propose that translational and reverse‐translational approaches to knowledge development are critical to advance current understanding and to enable optimal deployment of SRs in society. Finally, we outline knowledge gaps that this approach can help address.

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          Most cited references 69

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          Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception

           David Navon (1977)
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            The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test Revised Version: A Study with Normal Adults, and Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-functioning Autism

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              Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety.

              The development and validation of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) two companion measures for assessing social phobia fears is described. The SPS assesses fear of being scrutinised during routine activities (eating, drinking, writing, etc.), while the SIAS assesses fear of more general social interaction, the scales corresponding to the DSM-III-R descriptions of Social Phobia--Circumscribed and Generalised types, respectively. Both scales were shown to possess high levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability. They discriminated between social phobia, agoraphobia and simple phobia samples, and between social phobia and normal samples. The scales correlated well with established measures of social anxiety, but were found to have low or non-significant (partial) correlations with established measures of depression, state and trait anxiety, locus of control, and social desirability. The scales were found to change with treatment and to remain stable in the face of no-treatment. It appears that these scales are valid, useful, and easily scored measures for clinical and research applications, and that they represent an improvement over existing measures of social phobia.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                annakbobak@gmail.com
                Journal
                Br J Psychol
                Br J Psychol
                10.1111/(ISSN)2044-8295
                BJOP
                British Journal of Psychology
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                0007-1269
                2044-8295
                20 March 2019
                August 2019
                : 110
                : 3 ( doiID: 10.1111/bjop.2019.110.issue-3 )
                : 461-479
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Applied Face Cognition Lab University of Fribourg Switzerland
                [ 2 ] Psychology Faculty of Natural Sciences University of Stirling UK
                [ 3 ] UNSW Sydney New South Wales Australia
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence should be addressed to Anna K. Bobak, Psychology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK (email: annakbobak@ 123456gmail.com ).
                Article
                BJOP12368
                10.1111/bjop.12368
                6767378
                30893478
                © 2019 The Authors. British Journal of Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, Pages: 19, Words: 9965
                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: Australian Research Council Linkage Project
                Award ID: LP160101523
                Funded by: UNSW Scientia Fellowship
                Funded by: EPSRC Programme Grant
                Award ID: FACER2VM
                Award ID: EP/N007743/1
                Funded by: Swiss National Science Foundation PRIMA (Promoting Women in Academia) Grant
                Award ID: PR00P1_179872
                Categories
                Invited Article
                Invited Article
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                bjop12368
                August 2019
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_NLMPMC version:5.6.9 mode:remove_FC converted:30.09.2019

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