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      The Semantics of the Preposition “ alā” in the Quran: A Conceptual Metaphor Perspective


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          Traditional syntactic approaches do not offer a plausible explanation regarding the use of the Arabic preposition “ alā” with abstract nouns or states. This article adopts a corpus-based approach to investigate the semantic classification of the preposition “ alā” in the Quran from a cognitive linguistic perspective. Conceptual metaphor theory (hereafter CMT) was employed to find out conceptual metaphors (hereafter CM) in the data retrieved from the Quran with the help of search Quran software. CMT holds that human sensorimotor neural structures help store spatial relationships, which are then used to map the abstract concepts in language and thought, and that prepositions are the products of human sensorimotor neural structures. This paper found nine key CM themes behind the usage of prepositions in the data. Contact and support schemas were at the heart of the literal and metaphorical use of the spatial preposition “ alā” in the Quran. However, it was also found that language generation and comprehension involve the role of multimodal perceptual schemas and linguistic knowledge rather than the unilinear process of one CM. This paper suggests further research into spatial relations across languages to explore the cross-cultural implications of image schemas.

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              MIP: A Method for Identifying Metaphorically Used Words in Discourse


                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                20 July 2022
                : 13
                [1] 1Office of Registrar, University of Science and Technology Bannu , Bannu, Pakistan
                [2] 2Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin , Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
                [3] 3Department of Humanities, COMSATS University Islamabad , Lahore, Pakistan
                Author notes

                Edited by: Antonio Bova, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy

                Reviewed by: Aloulou Chafik, Faculté des Sciences Economique et de Gestion, Tunisia; Chris Sinha, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

                *Correspondence: Khan Sardaraz sardarazsorani@ 123456gmail.com

                This article was submitted to Language Sciences, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2022 Sardaraz, Rashid and Nusrat.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 36, Pages: 12, Words: 9094
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                preposition,conceptual metaphor (cm),metaphor,conceptual system,sensorimotor neural structure


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