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      Occupational Skin Diseases in Korea

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          Abstract

          Skin disease is the most common occupational disease, but the reported number is small in Korea due to a difficulty of detection and diagnosis in time. We described various official statistics and data from occupational skin disease surveillance system, epidemiological surveys and cases published in scientific journals. Until 1981, 2,222 cases of occupational skin disease were reported by Korean employee's regular medical check-up, accounting for 4.9% of the total occupational diseases. There was no subsequent official statistics to figure out occupational skin diseases till 1998. From 1999, the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) published the number of occupational skin diseases through the statistics of Cause Investigation for Industrial Accidents. A total of 301 cases were reported from 1999 to 2007. Recent one study showed the figures of compensated occupational skin diseases. Many of them belonged to daily-paid workers in the public service, especially forestry workers. Also, it described the interesting cases such as vitiligo and trichloroethylene-induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. Skin diseases are still important though the number of cases has decreased, and therefore it is recommended to grasp the status of occupational skin diseases through continuous surveillance system and to make policy protecting high-risk group.

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          Most cited references 30

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          Analysis of occupational diseases compensated with the industrial accident compensation insurance from 2001 to 2003

           YS Ahn,  SK Kang,  KJ Kim (2004)
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            Surveillance of Work-related Diseases in Kumi

             SA Kim,  JS KIM,  HR Jeon (2003)
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              Outbreak of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis associated with mebendazole and metronidazole use among Filipino laborers in Taiwan.

              This study sought to identify the risk factors associated with an outbreak of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) among Filipino laborers in Taiwan. Forty-six SJS/TEN patients were matched to 92 controls according to month of arrival in Taiwan, sex, and age. The odds ratio for development of SJS/TEN was 9.5 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.9, 23.9) among workers who had used both metronidazole and mebendazole sometime in the preceding 6 weeks. In addition, a gradient increase in the occurrence of SJS/TEN was found with an increasing level of exposure to metronidazole. This outbreak highlights the risk of SJS/TEN resulting from the use of both metronidazole and mebendazole and the need for control measures.
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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1]Department of Occupational Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
                [2]Department of Occupational Medicine, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.
                Author notes
                Address for Correspondence: Yeon-Soon Ahn, M.D. Department of Occupational Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, 814 Siksa-dong, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang 410-773, Korea. Tel: +82.31-961-7518, Fax: +82.31-961-7039, ysahn@123456dongguk.ac.kr
                Journal
                J Korean Med Sci
                JKMS
                Journal of Korean Medical Science
                The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
                1011-8934
                1598-6357
                December 2010
                15 December 2010
                : 25
                : Suppl
                : S46-S52
                3023348
                21258591
                10.3346/jkms.2010.25.S.S46
                © 2010 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Review
                Occupation & Environmental Medicine

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