The cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne(F.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), is an important pest in the food and tobacco industry in many regions of the world. Despite a great deal of research, control of this pest still relies on the use of phosphine fumigation, which is becoming less effective as the insect develops resistance to this compound. In addition, series of other nonchemical methods used to control the insect have given mixed and irregular results. This review summarizes and discusses information on important aspects of the biology and ecology of the cigarette beetle, and its control. The topics covered include a taxonomic discussion of the cigarette beetle, which includes a discussion of other anobiid species of economic importance. The mating behavior of the insect and conditions favorable for pest development were described. The review also includes a discussion of the life stages of the insect, its feeding habit, and economic damage. Important aspects of its chemical ecology and a discussion on the association between this species and its microorganisms, and major natural enemies, were presented. A summary of its flight behavior, including the factors governing flight initiation and temporal and seasonal flight activity were reviewed. Finally, the control methods currently used in the management of the insect were described. The review also identifies potential areas of further research on L. serricorne and gives an analysis of the control methods worthy of further investigation in the search for practical and sustainable methods for the management of this pest.