In previous studies, we have shown that male Wistar rats exposed to a single inescapable stressor session (15 min restraint) exhibited 24 h later an anxiogenic-like behavior in the elevated plus-maze (EPM), which was reversed by inhibition of corticosterone (CS) synthesis with metyrapone (75 mg/kg i.p.) 3 h before stress. Since CS binds to two central corticosteroid receptors, the mineralocorticoid (MR) and the glucocorticoid (GR) receptors, involvement of MR and GR in the modulation of anxiogenic responses was assessed in the EPM. Administration of the GR agonist dexamethasone (Dex, 1.25 µg/kg s.c.) to metyrapone-pretreated rats 1 h before restraint restored the anxiogenic-like response induced by the stressor. Removal of the adrenals also inhibited the anxiogenic-like effect, which was restored by either Dex (1.25 µg/kg s.c.), the MR agonist deoxycorticosterone (0.8 mg/kg s.c.) or CS, the common endogenous agonist of MR and GR (5 mg/kg s.c.) administered 1 h before stress. Intracerebroventricular infusion to intact animals 15 min before restraint of either a selective GR antagonist (A-GR, RU 38486, 100 ng/2 µl), a selective MR antagonist (A-MR, RU 28318, 100 ng/2 µl) or a combination of A-GR and A-MR (100 ng of each one/2 µl), abolished the stress-induced anxiogenic-like effect. The present findings indicate that both MR and GR are involved in the long-term CS modulation of the anxiety response induced by restraint. Both receptors mediate CS effects in an independent manner.