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      La vibrante uvular y la aproximante labiodental en la lengua Japreria como cultura fonológica Translated title: The Voiced Uvular and the Labio-Dental Approximant in the Japreria Language as Phonological Culture

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          Abstract

          En la literatura antropológica Strauss (1993) y otros clasifican el japreria como un dialecto del yukpa; desde la perspectiva lingüística, Mosonyi (2000) Durbin y Seijas (1972) también lo consideran un dialecto. Oquendo (1998) demostró a través del análisis de la unidad submorfémica en el sistema pronominal y en el sistema de parentesco que el japreria es una lengua caribe y que esta diverge del yukpa. El propósito de este artículo es demostrar que la vibrante uvular [R] y la aproximante labiodental [n] constituyen un fenómeno de "cultura fonológica", en el sentido de lo planteado por Palmer (1996), diferenciador del japreria con respecto al yukpa. He analizado los diferentes tipos de estructuras silábicas en el japreria en oposición al yukpa, y he hallado que el grupo silábico cvc, cuya consonante final es la fricativa postalveolar [š] seguida de cv, genera el sonido vibrante uvular, mientras que la fricativa bilabial sonora del yukpa en japreria se convierte en una aproximante labiodental. Estas características fonetológicas se oponen a lo planteado por Mattéi-Müller y Henley (1990) como característica de las lenguas caribes. Se presume que las diferencias señaladas por estos autores obedecen al proto de estas lenguas caribes del noroccidente.

          Translated abstract

          Strauss (1993) and other anthropologists have classified Japreria as a dialect of the Yukpa language. From the linguistic viewpoint, Durbin and Seijas (1972) and Mosonyi (2000) have suggested that Japreria is a dialectal variation. In Oquendo (1998), through a submorphemic unit analysis both of the pronominal system and of the kinship system, proves Japreria to be a Cariban language distict fron Yukpa. The aim in this paper is to demonstrate that the voiced uvular[R] and the voiced labio-dental approximant [í] constitute phenomena of "phonological culture" in Palmer’s (1996) sense, which allow the differenciation ofl Japreria from Yukpa. This paper analyzes different types of syllabic structures both in Japreria and in Yukpa and finds that the syllabic group cvc with post-alveolar fricative [š] in final position followed by cv generates the voiced uvular, while the voiced bilabial fricative of Yukpa becomes a labio-dental approximant in Japreria. These features are not in accordance of the foundations of Mattéi- Müller and Hendley’s (1990) approach, which characterized caribe languages. It is supposed the these differences between authors is due to the proto of these Caribe lanbguages in the north-west.

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          Hixkaryana and linguistic typology

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            Toward a Theory of Cultural Linguistics

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              Comparative Cariban morphosyntax: on the genesis of ergativity in independent clauses

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                op
                Opción
                Opcion
                Universidad del Zulia (Maracaibo )
                1012-1587
                September 2004
                : 20
                : 45
                : 33-46
                Article
                S1012-15872004000300005
                8826a77b-c4ad-4308-a304-6b768ff3efd7

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=1012-1587&lng=en
                Categories
                HUMANITIES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
                SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY

                Sociology
                Voiced uvular,labio-dental approximant,phonological,culture,japreria,Vibrante uvular,aproximante labiodental,cultura fonológica

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