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      A comparative study of sociality between firstborn children and only children of young age


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          Objective To understand the current situation of the social development between only children and firstborn of young age, so as to provide a reference for the promotion of the social development of young children.

          Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 734 only children and firstborn children aged 3–9 in two kindergartens and two primary schools from grade 1 to grade 3 for questionnaire survey in Bengbu City. The content included the general information of children and their parents and the social assessment of children.

          Results The rate of emotional symptoms in firstborn children (27.8%) was higher than those of only children (17.6%) (χ 2 = 9.45, P<0.01). The results of univariate analysis showed that the rate of hyperactivity and inattention in social development of both only children and firstborns decreased with the increase of family socioeconomic status ( P< 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis of only children showed that only children with high economic status had a lower risk of hyperactivity and inattention and had a higher risk of peer interaction ( P< 0.05). The prosocial behavior of girls was better than that of boys in the aspect of social development of only children and firstborn children ( OR = 1.70, 2.85, P<0.05). For only children, the occurrence risk of being difficult was lower when the primary caregiver was parents than grandparents ( OR = 1.63, P< 0.05). For firstborn children, the risk of being difficult in nuclear families was lower than that in third-generation families ( OR = 2.14, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis of the only child showed that boys had higher risk of hyperactive attention and less prosocial behavior than girls ( OR = 2.24, 1.70, P<0.05), and a lower risk of developing mood disorders than girls ( OR = 0.57, P<0.05). The social development of only children varied among different grades, and the risk of abnormal prosocial behavior was lower with the increase of grades ( P<0.05).

          Conclusion Higer family social status is positively associated with children’s social development level. But parents with high economic status should also avoid too much material and spiritual doting. Parents should strengthen their own learning to enhance the level of socialized education, raising siblings equally, improve the quality of parent-child relationship, and promote the all-round development of children’s socialization level.


          【摘要】 目的 了解低龄儿童独生子女和大孩社会性发展的现状, 为促进低年龄儿童的社会性发展提供参考依据。 方法 采取分层整群抽样方法, 选取蚌埠市 2 所幼儿园和 2 所小学的一至三年级共 734 名 3~9 岁独生子女和大孩儿童及其父母 为研究对象进行问卷调查, 内容包括儿童及父母的一般情况及儿童社会性评定。 结果 大孩情绪症状异常检出率 (27.8%) 高于独生子女 (17.6%) (χ 2 = 9.45, P<0.01)。单因素分析显示, 独生子女和大孩的社会性发展多动注意不能异常 率均随着家庭社会经济地位的升高而降低 ( P 值均<0.05)。多因素 Logistic 回归分析结果显示, 高家庭社会经济地位的独 生子女发生多动注意不能异常的风险低, 发生同伴交往问题的风险高 ( P 值均<0.05)。独生子女和大孩的社会性发展亲社 会行为方面均为女童的亲社会行为好于男童 ( OR 值分别为 1.70, 2.85, P<0.05)。对于独生子女, 主要带养人为父母时发生 困难异常的风险较祖辈等为主要带养人低 ( OR = 1.63, P<0.05); 对于大孩, 核心家庭发生困难异常的风险较三代家庭低 ( OR = 2.14, P<0.05)。独生子女男童出现多动注意不能、亲社会行为异常的风险高于女童 ( OR 值分别为 2.24, 1.70, P 值均<0.05), 出现情绪异常的风险低于女童 ( OR = 0.57, P<0.05)。不同年级间独生子女的社会性发展有差异, 随着年级的增加, 亲社会行为异常风险低 ( P<0.05)。 结论 较高的家庭社会经济地位有助于提升儿童的社会性发展水平, 但高家庭社会经 济地位的父母也应避免过多的物质与精神宠爱。父母应加强自身学习提升社会化教养水平, 对待子女一视同仁, 提高亲子 陪伴质量, 促进儿童社会化的全面发展。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 October 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 10
          : 1449-1454
          [1] 1School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu (233000), Anhui Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: YAO Rongying, E-mail: yaorongying@ 123456126.com
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Psychology, social,Only child,Child,Mental health,Regression analysis


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