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      Ten year risk assessment of ischemic cardiovascular disease and intervention analysis among middle-aged residents with moderate risk and above in a Shanghai-based community

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          Objective: The exposure conditions with regard to 10-year ischemic cardiovascular disease (ICVD) risk among residents aged 45–59 years treated in Hudong Community Health Service Center were surveyed to provide an objective basis for further studies on the relation between risk factors and ICVD events.

          Methods: The survey was conducted from October 2013 to March 2014 with use of the principle of cluster sampling. Our investigation involved questionnaire and laboratory tests. All residents were evaluated according to the table of National 10-Year Risk Assessment for ICVD to forecast the 10-year risk. The community intervention methods were medication and lifestyle intervention based on the relevant guidelines.

          Results: The body mass index and smoking rate were significantly higher in men than in women. The 10-year ICVD risk was 6.1% for moderate risk or above. We performed intervention in such residents for 1 year, with the result that the blood pressure and total cholesterol levels were significantly decreased ( P <0.05).

          Conclusion: It is imperative that early prediction and intervention be conducted for the residents with risk factors. After the intervention, we found that the risk declined in 79.41% of the residents with moderate risk and or above and that the 10-year ICVD risk score decreased.

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          Most cited references 19

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          2012 ACCF/AHA focused update of the guideline for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (updating the 2007 guideline and replacing the 2011 focused update): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines.

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            Managing abnormal blood lipids: a collaborative approach.

             ,  T Braun,   (2005)
            Current data and guidelines recommend treating abnormal blood lipids (ABL) to goal. This is a complex process and requires involvement from various healthcare professionals with a wide range of expertise. The model of a multidisciplinary case management approach for patients with ABL is well documented and described. This collaborative approach encompasses primary and secondary prevention across the lifespan, incorporates nutritional and exercise management as a significant component, defines the importance and indications for pharmacological therapy, and emphasizes the importance of adherence. Use of this collaborative approach for the treatment of ABL ultimately will improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality.
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              Comparative study of control selection in a national population-based case-control study: Estimating risk of smoking on cancer deaths in Chinese men

              Purpose: To assess the validation of a novel control selection design by comparing the consistency between the new design and a routine design in a large case-control study that was incorporated into a nationwide mortality survey in China. Methods: A nationwide mortality study was conducted during 1989-1991. Surviving spouses or other relatives of all adults who died during 1986-1988 provided detailed information about their own as well as the deceased person's smoking history. In this study, 130,079 males who died of various smoking-related cancers at age 35 or over were taken as cases, while 103,248 male surviving spouses (same age range with cases) of women who died during the same period and 49,331 males who died from causes other than those related to smoking were used as control group 1 and control group 2, respectively. Consistency in the results when comparing cases with each of the control groups was assessed. Results: Consistency in the results was observed in the analyses using different control groups although cancer deaths varied with region and age. Equivalence could be ascertained using a 15% criterion in most cancer deaths which had high death rates in urban areas, but they were uncertain for most cancers in rural areas irrespective of whether the hypothesis testing showed significant differences or not. Conclusions: Sex-matched living spouse control design as an alternative control selection for a case-control study is valid and feasible, and the basic principles of the equivalence study are also supported by epidemiological survey data.

                Author and article information

                Family Medicine and Community Health
                Compuscript (Ireland )
                May 2017
                May 2017
                : 5
                : 1
                : 92-100
                1Department of General Medicine, Shanghai Hudong Community Health Service Center, Shanghai, China
                2Renji Hospital Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
                3Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China
                Author notes
                CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Qi Xu, MM Department of General Medicine, Shanghai Hudong Community Health Service Center, No.512 Laiyang Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 200129, China Tel.: +86-13761932078 E-mail: xuqi08@ 123456126.com
                Copyright © 2017 Family Medicine and Community Health

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

                Self URI (journal page): http://fmch-journal.org/
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