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Sexo y dolor: la satisfacción sexual y la función sexual en una muestra de pacientes con dolor crónico benigno no pélvico Translated title: Sex and pain: sexual satisfaction and sexual function in a sample of patients with non-pelvic benign chronic pain

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      Abstract

      RESUMEN Introducción: La mayoría de los estudios son concluyentes al trazar la relación entre dolor crónico y disminución significativa de la calidad de vida. No obstante, no suele analizarse el factor sexual de una forma específica. Material y método: El objetivo de este estudio consiste en realizar una revisión bibliográfica pormenorizada por grupos analgésicos para determinar de modo concreto la influencia del fármaco sobre la respuesta sexual y, en segundo lugar, describir la asociación entre dolor y respuesta sexual en pacientes con dolor crónico no oncológico. Resultados: Los resultados reflejan que hay una alta prevalencia de dificultades sexuales en pacientes de las Unidades de Dolor. Estas dificultades están relacionadas con alteraciones psicológicas, con la tipología del dolor, con la edad y con el sexo de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Estos resultados sugieren que desde las Unidades de Dolor se podría realizar una intervención multidisciplinar centrada en la valoración exhaustiva de esta problemática, educación sanitaria y asesoramiento en materia sexual, que contribuyese a la mejora de la calidad de vida de nuestros pacientes.

      Translated abstract

      ABSTRACT Introduction: Most of research are conclusive when stating chronic pain and decreased life's quality relationship. However, sexual factor is not usually analysed in a specific path. Desing and methods: The aim of this study is to undertake a bibliographic review divided by analgesic groups in order to determine in a certain way the painkiller influence over the sexual response, and in a second place, to describe the connection between pain and sexual response in not-oncological chronic pain patients. Results: Results show that there is a high prevalence of sexual difficulties in patients of the Pain Units. These difficulties are related to psychological alterations, patients' type of pain and age. Conclusions: These results suggest that a multidisciplinary intervention, centred on the exhaustive evaluation of this problem, health education and sexual counselling, could contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of our patients.

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      Sexual sequelae of general medical disorders.

      That sexual symptoms can signal serious underlying disease confirms the importance of sexual enquiry as an integral component of medical assessment. Data on sexual function are sparse in some medical specialties. However, increased scientific understanding of the central and peripheral physiology of sexual response could help to identify the pathophysiology of sexual dysfunction from disease and medical interventions, and also to ameliorate or prevent some dysfunctions. Many common general medical disorders have negative effects on desire, arousal, orgasm, ejaculation, and freedom from pain during sex. Chronic disease also interferes indirectly with sexual function, by altering relationships and self-image and causing fatigue, pain, disfigurement, and dependency. Current approaches to assessment of sexual dysfunction are based on models that combine psychological and biological aspects.
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        The impact of rheumatic diseases on sexual function.

        Sexuality is a complex aspect of the human being's life and is more than of only the sexual act. Normal sexual functioning consists of sexual activity with transition through the phases from arousal to relaxation with no problems, and with a feeling of pleasure, fulfillment and satisfaction. Rheumatic diseases may affect all aspects of life including sexual functioning. The reasons for disturbing sexual functioning are multifactorial and comprise disease-related factors as well as therapy. In rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis patients, pain and depression could be the principal factors contributing to sexual dysfunction. On the other hand, in women with Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis sexual dysfunction is apparently most associated to vaginal discomfort or pain during intercourse. Finally, sexual dysfunction in patients with fibromyalgia could be principally associated with depression, but the characteristic symptoms of fibromyalgia (generalized pain, stiffness, fatigue and poor sleep) may contribute to the occurrence of sexual dysfunction. The treatment of sexual dysfunction will depend on the specific patient's symptoms, however, there are some general recommendations including: exploring different positions, using analgesics drug, heat and muscle relaxants before sexual activity and exploring alternative methods of sexual expression. This is a systemic review about the impact of several rheumatic diseases on sexual functioning. There are no previous overviews about this topic so far.
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          Prevalence and risk factors of sexual problems and sexual distress in a sample of women suffering from chronic widespread pain.

          Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a prevalent musculoskeletal problem and a cardinal symptom of fibromyalgia, affecting up to 15% of the population. CWP is associated with substantial physical and psychological impairment and reduced quality of life.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            Valencia orgnameHospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe orgdiv1Unidad para el Estudio y Tratamiento del Dolor Crónico España
            Valencia orgnameFundación Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe España
            Valencia orgnameHospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe orgdiv1Residente R2 del Servicio de Pediatría España
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            dolor
            Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor
            Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor
            Inspira Network Group, S.L (Madrid, Madrid, Spain )
            1134-8046
            June 2018
            : 25
            : 3
            : 145-154
            S1134-80462018000300145 10.20986/resed.2018.3600/2017

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 22, Pages: 10
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            Product Information: SciELO Spain

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