Objective To analyze the attention and attitude towards the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the three years of the Implementation Plan for the Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Myopia in Children and Adolescents, so as to provide a reference for the improvement of control and intervention of myopia by using TCM and western medicine.
Methods Data scrap was administered in Microblog regarding inlonnation on “prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents” and “TCM” by using Python scripts, sentiment analysis was used to analyze the attitude.
Results A total of 47 133 texts were included: the most (19 931) was found in Eastern China from January 1, 2018 to October 26, 2021, with an average of 204.5, 426.5, 1 990.3, and 1 340.6 per month prior as well as 1-, 2-, and 3-year after issuance. Positive/neutraL/negative attitude accounted for 29.1%, 60.2%, and 10.7%, respectively. The proportion of positive/negative attitude decreased and increased slightly during the first to the third year after issuance.
Conclusion Internet users’ attention to the prevention and control of children and adolescents’ myopia with TCM was affected by public health events, policies and regional distribution. Most of Internet users’ attitudes are neutral. It is suggested to further standardize network behavior and crack down on false publicity. And the appropriate technology of TCM based on external treatment has a high acceptance. To increase publicity regarding the integration of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine to prevent and control myopia in children and adolescents.
【摘要】目的 分析《综合防控儿童青少年近视实施方案》印发3年间网民对中医药防控儿童青少年近视的关注度和态 度, 为进一步推动中西医一体化综合防控近视提供参考。 方法 使用Python脚本抓取2018年1月1日至2021年10月26 日与“儿童青少年近视防控”“中医药”相关微博, 采用情感分析法分析网民态度。 结果 共抓取47 133条微博, 其中华东 地区最多为19 931条, 印发前、第1年、第2年、第3年平均为 204.5, 426.5, 1 990.3, 1 340.6条/月。积极/中立/消极态度分 别占29.1%, 60.2%, 10.7%;印发第1~3年间积极/消极态度占比分别小幅度下降和上升。 结论 网民对中医药防控儿童 青少年近视的关注度可能受公共卫生事件、政策及地区分布的影响；网民态度以中立居多。应进一步规范网络行为、打击 虚假宣传;加大宣传接受度和认可度高的中医适宜技术, 推动中西医一体化防控儿童青少年近视。