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      Temporal Profiles and Clinical Significance of Pulsatile Insulin Secretion

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          Abstract

          In this article, recent experiments are reviewed which have addressed the role of oscillatory insulin secretion in the pathophysiology of glucose intolerance and diabetes. The ultradian oscillations of insulin secretion appear to be an integral part of the feedback loop between glucose and insulin secretion and as a result are abnormal in states of glucose intolerance. Treatment of impaired glucose tolerance with troglitazone, a thiazolidinedione that improves insulin sensitivity, leads to an improvement in the ability of the β-cell to sense and respond to a glucose stimulus restoring the ability of glucose to entrain the ultradian oscillations. The rapid oscillations of insulin secretion appear to be an inherent feature of the cellular mechanisms of insulin secretion since they persist in the isolated perfused pancreas and in perifused islets. These oscillations are paralleled by changes in intracellular Ca<sup>2+</sup> and are also abnormal in states of glucose intolerance and diabetes. Available evidence indicates that these alterations are due to decreased expression of voltage-dependent Ca<sup>2+</sup> channels on the β-cell membrane.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6666-7
          978-3-318-00288-1
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1998
          March 1998
          16 March 1998
          : 49
          : 3-4
          : 178-184
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill., USA
          Article
          23168 Horm Res 1998;49:178–184
          10.1159/000023168
          9550122
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, References: 20, Pages: 7
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