Climate change has become a major source of concern, particularly in agriculture, because it has a significant impact on the production of economically important crops such as wheat, rice, and maize. In the present study, an attempt has been made to identify differentially expressed heat stress-responsive long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the wheat genome using publicly available wheat transcriptome data (24 SRAs) representing two conditions, namely, control and heat-stressed. A total of 10,965 lncRNAs have been identified and, among them, 153, 143, and 211 differentially expressed transcripts have been found under 0 DAT, 1 DAT, and 4 DAT heat-stress conditions, respectively. Target prediction analysis revealed that 4098 lncRNAs were targeted by 119 different miRNA responses to a plethora of environmental stresses, including heat stress. A total of 171 hub genes had 204 SSRs (simple sequence repeats), and a set of target sequences had SNP potential as well. Furthermore, gene ontology analysis revealed that the majority of the discovered lncRNAs are engaged in a variety of cellular and biological processes related to heat stress responses. Furthermore, the modeled three-dimensional (3D) structures of hub genes encoding proteins, which had an appropriate range of similarity with solved structures, provided information on their structural roles. The current study reveals many elements of gene expression regulation in wheat under heat stress, paving the way for the development of improved climate-resilient wheat cultivars.