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      In memory of Dr. Kimberly S. Young: The story of a pioneer

      1 , 2 , * , 3 , 4 , 5

      Journal of Behavioral Addictions

      Akadémiai Kiadó

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          Psychology of computer use: XL. Addictive use of the Internet: a case that breaks the stereotype.

           Sarah Young (1996)
          This case involves a homemaker 43 years of age who is addicted to using the Internet. This case was selected as it demonstrates that a nontechnologically oriented woman with a reportedly content home life and no prior addiction or psychiatric history abused the Internet which resulted in significant impairment to her family life. This paper defines addictive use of the Internet, outlines the subject's progression of addictive on-line use, and discusses the implications of such addictive behavior on the new market of Internet consumers.
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            Internet Addiction: A New Clinical Phenomenon and Its Consequences

             K. S. Young (2004)
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              Cognitive behavior therapy with Internet addicts: treatment outcomes and implications.

              Research over the last decade has identified Internet addiction as a new and often unrecognized clinical disorder that impact a user's ability to control online use to the extent that it can cause relational, occupational, and social problems. While much of the literature explores the psychological and social factors underlying Internet addiction, little if any empirical evidence exists that examines specific treatment outcomes to deal with this new client population. Researchers have suggested using cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as the treatment of choice for Internet addiction, and addiction recovery in general has utilized CBT as part of treatment planning. To investigate the efficacy of using CBT with Internet addicts, this study investigated 114 clients who suffered from Internet addiction and received CBT at the Center for Online Addiction. This study employed a survey research design, and outcome variables such as client motivation, online time management, improved social relationships, improved sexual functioning, engagement in offline activities, and ability to abstain from problematic applications were evaluated on the 3rd, 8th, and 12th sessions and over a 6-month follow-up. Results suggested that Caucasian, middle-aged males with at least a 4-year degree were most likely to suffer from some form of Internet addiction. Preliminary analyses indicated that most clients were able to manage their presenting complaints by the eighth session, and symptom management was sustained upon a 6-month follow-up. As the field of Internet addiction continues to grow, such outcome data will be useful in treatment planning with evidenced-based protocols unique to this emergent client population.

                Author and article information

                J Behav Addict
                J Behav Addict
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                29 March 2019
                March 2019
                : 8
                : 1
                : 1-2
                [1 ]General Psychology: Cognition and Center for Behavioral Addiction Research (CeBAR), University of Duisburg-Essen , Duisburg, Germany
                [2 ]Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Essen, Germany
                [3 ]Departments of Psychiatry, Neuroscience and Child Study, Yale University School of Medicine , New Haven, CT, USA
                [4 ]Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling , Wethersfield, CT, USA
                [5 ]Connecticut Mental Health Center , New Haven, CT, USA
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Prof. Dr. Matthias Brand; General Psychology: Cognition and Center for Behavioral Addiction Research (CeBAR), University of Duisburg-Essen, Forsthausweg 2, 47057 Duisburg, Germany; Phone: +49 203 3792541; Fax: +49 203 3791846; E-mail: matthias.brand@
                © 2019 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 11, Pages: 2
                Funding sources: There is no funding associated with this manuscript.


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