Objective To study the relationship between physical health of college students and the risk of sports injuries, and to provide a reference for sports injuries prevention.
Methods The convenience sampling method was used to select 1 237 college students from grade 1 to 4 majoring liberal arts, sciences, and sports (non-sports students) in Shanghai. The three types of physical fitness test scores of form, function and quality were used to investigate the occurrence of sports injuries of students in the past year through self-report. Logistic regression analysis, multiple linear regression and two piecewise linear regression models were used.
Results The incidence of sports injuries among college students was 12.5% (155). There was a non-linear relationship between physical health score and the occurrence of sports injury events. When the physical health score was less than 70, there was negatively correlated with the risk of sports injury ( OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.85-0.91, P<0.05). When the physical fitness score was greater than or equal to 70, there was no statistically significant difference in the risk of sports injury between different scores ( OR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.95-1.02, P>0.05).
Conclusion The physical health level of college students is negatively related with the risk of sports injury. It is recommended that college students have a physical fitness score of at least 70 points.
【摘要】 目的 探索大学生体质健康水平与运动伤害发生风险之间的关联, 为降低运动伤害的发生提供可参照依据。 方法 采用方便抽样的方法, 抽取上海市文科类、理科类、体育类 (非体育生) 3 类院校 1 237 名大一至大四年级学生的身体 形态、身体功能和身体素质 3 类体质测试成绩, 通过自我报告法调査学生近 1 年内运动伤害的发生情况。采用 Logistic 回 归分析、多元线性回归以及两分段线性回归模型分析数据。 结果 大学生运动伤害发生率为 12.5% (155 名)。体质健康 得分与发生运动伤害事件之间存在非线性关系, 当体质健康得分 <70 分时, 体质健康得分与运动伤害发生风险呈负相关 ( OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.85~0.91, P<0.05); 体质健康得分 ≥70 时, 不同得分间发生运动伤害风险差异无统计学意义 ( OR = 0.98,95% CI = 0.95~1.02, P>0.05)。 结论 大学生体质健康水平与运动伤害发生风险呈负相关, 建议大学生体质健康得分 至少达到 70 分。