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      Impact of family cohesion and adaptability on students' sense of school belonging: Chain mediating effects of self-support and selfesteem

      1 , 1 , 2
      Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
      Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd

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          Abstract

          We examined the chain mediating role of self-support and self-esteem in the link between family functioning and sense of school belonging among Chinese junior high school students. Students in Grades 1 to 3 ( N= 728) completed the Family Cohesion and Adaptability Scale, the Adolescent Students' SelfSupporting Personality Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale. A mediating effect analysis was used to test the hypotheses. The results were as follows: (a) there were significant positive correlations among family functioning, sense of school belonging, self-esteem, and self-support; (b) self-support mediated the effect of family functioning on sense of school belonging, and self-esteem mediated the effect of self-support on sense of school belonging; and (c) self-support and self-esteem played a significant chain mediating role between family functioning and sense of school belonging, with the mediating effect accounting for 34.48% of the total effect. Thus, family functioning affects students' sense of school belonging both directly and also indirectly through selfsupport and self-esteem. To improve students' sense of belonging at school, educators should focus on the functioning of students' families, and on the level of students' self-support and development of self-esteem.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
          soc behav pers
          Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd
          0301-2212
          April 03 2024
          April 03 2024
          : 52
          : 4
          : 1-10
          Affiliations
          [1 ]School of Education Science, Hunan University of Arts and Science, People's Republic of China
          [2 ]Student Affairs Department, Xiangnan University, People's Republic of China
          Article
          10.2224/sbp.12894
          8971475b-1dea-4c67-8c01-460b95343066
          © 2024
          History

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