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      Induction of Glomerular Injury by Singlet Oxygen

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          Abstract

          The role of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the induction of tissue injury has been well documented. Regarding glomerular injury, the focus of past studies has been on superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical and C10-. However, whether singlet oxygen, an exceptionally reactive oxygen metabolite, may cause glomerular lesions has not been investigated. In the present study we documented the effects of locally generated singlet oxygen in the kidney. To generate singlet oxygen, kidneys were perfused with the pigment pheophorbide a, which was followed by exposure to light. One hour after irradiation, severe morphological damage of the glomerular cell had developed. Extensive deposits of fibrin and accumulation of platelets were seen in the glomerular capillary lumina. By contrast, kidneys not exposed to light showed no, or only minimal, abnormalities. Glomerular injury was not inhibited by pretreatment with superoxide dismutase. These results suggest that singlet oxygen produced by pheophorbide a by photodynamic reaction leads to tissue injury in vivo.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          11 December 2008
          : 60
          : 2
          : 204-209
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Nephrology, Showa University, Shinagawa, Tokyo; b2nd Department of Pathology, Dokkyo Medical College, Shimotsuga, Tochigi, Japan
          Article
          186740 Nephron 1992;60:204–209
          10.1159/000186740
          1553006
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Glomerular injury, Superoxide, Singlet oxygen

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