Objective To explore prevalence and associated factors of neglect among left-behind middle school students in undeveloped area of Guangdong, and to provide scientific basis for effective intervention measures.
Methods A total of 1 105 middle school students were selected from Yangjiang and Qingyuan by random cluster sampling, neglect and left-behind was assessed by a self-reported questionnaire.
Results The prevalence of neglect was 70.9% among left-behind middle school students aged 11–17 years in Yangjiang and Qingyuan areas. Univariate analysis suggested that high parental education, democratic and strict parenting, and frequent contacts with parents associated with low rate of neglect ( P<0.05). After adjusted for gender, parental education, parenting style, contact frequency, Logistic regression analysis revealed that parenting discipline (rough, cold, capricious) ( OR = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.23–3.26), contact with parents more than once every two weeks ( OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.12–2.72), peer or self-care ( OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.04–3.30) were positively associated with neglect, while higher mother education was negatively associated with neglect.
Conclusions The prevalence of neglect is high among left-behind students in Yangjiang and Qingyuan, which deserves further attention from family, community, school and government to promote healthy development.
【摘要】 目的 探讨广东不发达地区留守中学生受忽视状况及影响因素, 为采取有效的干预提供科学依据。 方法 采用随机整群抽样法抽取广州市阳江市、清远市 1 105 名留守初中和髙中学生为研究对象, 采用青少年心理行为健康状况 调査问卷 (中学版)进行问卷调査, 分析其影响因素。 结果 留守中学生忽视率为 70.9%, 单因素分析发现, 父母文化程度 越髙、管教方式民主、与父母联系越频繁, 其忽视发生率越低, 差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 6.49, 15.33, 12.28, 8.05, P 值均<0.05)。控制性别、父母文化程度、管教方式、联系频率等变量后, Logistic 回归分析显示, 管教方式 ( OR = 2.01, 95% CI =1.23~3.26)、联系频率 ( OR =1.75, 95% CI = 1.12~2.72)、监护类型 ( OR =1.85, 95% CI = 1.04~ 3.30) 与留守中学生忽视呈正 相关; 母亲文化程度与留守中学生忽视呈负相关。 结论 留守中学生受忽视状况严重, 家庭、学校、政府和社会应合力打造 良好的成长环境, 减少忽视的发生, 促进其身心健康发展。