Adolescents at the unique period during which individuals experience rapid growth in social, emotional, and cognitive aspects, are more prone to smartphone addiction than other groups. Smartphone addiction has been proved to seriously affect the physical and mental health of adolescents, and these impacts will become increasingly widespread with age. The effectiveness of current smartphone addiction interventions are mild among adolescents, which have proved to be related to adolescents’ unique cognitive and psychological characteristics. This paper reviews the latest research on adolescent smartphone addiction interventions, and classifies and elaborates from information enhancement strategies, ability enhancement strategies and behavioral intervention strategies, and puts forward the feasibility suggestions in this field, providing reference for localized intervention strategies, with the aim to developing systematic intervention design guidance and an effective multi-subject collaborative intervention system.
【摘要】 处于心智、思维快速发展阶段的青少年由于缺乏自我控制能力, 较之其他群体更易出现手机成瘾行为。手机成 瘾对青少年身心产生多重负面影响, 并且随着年龄的增长, 影响会日益深刻。当前主流的手机成瘾干预在青少年中收效甚 微, 也被证明与青少年独特的认知和心理发展特点有关。通过梳理最新青少年手机成瘾干预研究, 分别从信息增强策略、 能力增强策略以及行为干预策略进行分类阐述, 对该领域提出可行性建议, 为今后制定本土化的干预策略提供借鉴, 以期 发展出系统的干预设计指导和富有成效的多元主体协同干预体系。