Objective To understand the current situation regarding sex education in home and school settings in China, and to provide a scientific basis for more effective family and school sex education.
Methods Using a convenient sampling method, a cross-sectional survey of students from grade 7 to grade 9 in Beijing, Liaoning, Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan and Henan was carried out from September to December 2021. The questionnaire covered general demographic information, sex education at home and school, and the status of comprehensive sexuality education. Finally, 4 109 valid questionnaires were collected.
Results A total of 760 (18.50%) middle school students had not received any form of sex education, 923(22.46%) had only received sex education at school, 299(7.28%) had only received sex education at home, and 2 127 (51.76%) had received sex education at home and at school. The scores related to junior middle school students’ knowledge of comprehensive sexuality education was (12.43±2.89) points, the attitude score was (47.86±5.31) points, the behavior score was (40.44±5.18) points, and the comprehensive level score was (82.02±9.01) points. Junior middle school students who received sex education at home and in school had the highest comprehensive level of sex education ( P<0.01). Junior middle school students who only received sex education at school had a higher comprehensive sexuality education knowledge level than those who only received sex education at home ( P<0.01). The level of comprehensive sexuality education behavior among junior middle school students who only received family sex education was significantly higher than among those who only received sex education at school ( P<0.01).
Conclusion Receiving sex education in both home and school settings can effectively improve the comprehensive sexuality education competency among junior middle school students. School-based sex education should be further implemented in the future and family sex education should be encouraged.
【摘要】 目的 了解中国家庭性教育和学校性教育的实施现况, 为开展更为有效的家庭性教育和学校性教育提供科学依 据。 方法 2021年9一12月, 使用方便抽样法, 在北京、辽宁、四川、重庆、云南、河南六地使用电子问卷对初一至初三年级 4 109名学生展开横断面调查。问卷包含一般人口学信息、在家庭与学校接受性教育情况、全面性教育知信行现况等。 结 果 没有接受过任何形式性教育的初中生共760名(18.50%), 仅接受过学校性教育的初中生923名(22.46%), 仅接受过 家庭性教育的299名(7.28%), 同时接受家庭和学校性教育的2 127名(51.76%)。初中生全面性教育知识得分为(12.43± 2.89)分, 态度得分为(47.86±5.31)分, 行为得分为(40.44±5.18)分, 综合水平得分为(82.02±9.01)分。同时接受家庭和学 校性教育的初中生, 其全面性教育知信行以及综合水平均最高;仅接受过学校性教育的初中生, 其全面性教育知识水平高 于仅接受过家庭性教育的初中生;仅接受过家庭性教育的初中生, 其全面性教育行为水平高于仅接受过学校性教育的初中 生( P 值均<0.01)。 结论 家庭性教育与学校性教育可有效提升初中生全面性教育综合水平。应进一步实施基于学校的 性教育, 并鼓励家庭开展性教育。