Blog
About

5
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Preserved oxygenation despite reduced blood flow in poststenotic kidneys in human atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

      Hypertension

      Aged, Atherosclerosis, pathology, physiopathology, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate, physiology, Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Ischemia, Kidney, blood supply, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Organ Size, Oxygen, blood, Oxygen Consumption, Renal Artery Obstruction, Renal Circulation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis reduces blood flow and perfusion pressures to the poststenotic kidney producing renovascular hypertension and threatening glomerular filtration rate. Little is known regarding regional tissue oxygenation in human renovascular disease that develops slowly. We compared stenotic and contralateral kidneys regarding volume, tissue perfusion, blood flow measured by multidetector computed tomography, and blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance values in the cortex and medulla in 14 patients with unilateral stenosis (mean: 71% by quantitative computed tomography) and in 14 essential hypertensive patients during 150 mEq/d of sodium intake and renin-angiotensin blockade. Stenotic kidney volume was reduced compared with the contralateral kidney (118.6+/-9.9 versus 155.4+/-13.7 mL; P<0.01), as was total blood flow (269.7+/-42.2 versus 383.7+/-49; P=0.02), mainly because of reduced cortical volume. Tissue perfusion was similar but lower than essential hypertension (1.5 versus 1.2 mL/min per milliliter; P<0.05). Blood oxygen level-dependent MR at 3 T confirmed elevated R2* values (a measure of deoxyhemoglobin) in deep medullary regions in all 3 sets of kidneys (38.9+/-0.7 versus cortex 17.8+/-0.36 s(-1); P<0.0001). Despite reduced blood flow, R2* values did not differ between atherosclerotic and essential hypertensive kidneys, although furosemide-suppressible fall in medullary R2* was reduced in stenotic kidneys (5.7+/-1.8 versus 9.4+/-1.9 s(-1); P<0.05). Renal venous oxygen levels from the stenotic kidney were higher than those from essential hypertensives (65.1+/-2.2 versus 58.1+/-1.2; P=0.006). These data indicate that, although stenosis reduced blood flow and volume, cortical and medullary oxygenation was preserved under these conditions.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          20194303
          10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.145227
          2865855

          Comments

          Comment on this article