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      Use of computerized tests to evaluate psychomotor performance in children with specific learning disabilities in comparison to normal children

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          Background & objectives:

          Children with specific learning disabilities (SpLD) have an unexplained difficulty in acquiring basic academic skills resulting in a significant discrepancy between their academic potential and achievements. This study was undertaken to compare the performance on a battery of six psychomotor tests of children with SpLD and those without any learning disabilities (controls) using computerized tests.


          In this study, 25 children with SpLD and 25 controls (matched for age, socio-economic status and medium of instruction) were given three training sessions over one week. Then children were asked to perform on the six computerized psychomotor tests. Results were compared between the two groups.


          Children with SpLD fared significantly worse on finger tapping test, choice reaction test, digit picture substitution test and card sorting test compared to the controls ( P<0.05).

          Interpretation & conclusions:

          Children with SpLD have impairment of psychomotor skills like attention, sensory-motor coordination and executive functioning. Further research is needed to evaluate if the remedial education plan results in improvement in psychomotor performance of children with SpLD on these selected tests.

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          Most cited references 25

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          Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.

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             S Shaywitz (1998)
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              Developmental dyslexia.

              Developmental dyslexia, or specific reading disability, is a disorder in which children with normal intelligence and sensory abilities show learning deficits for reading. Substantial evidence has established its biological origin and the preponderance of phonological disorders even though important phenotypic variability and comorbidity have been recorded. Diverse theories have been proposed to account for the cognitive and neurological aspects of dyslexia. Findings of genetic studies show that different loci affect specific reading disability although a direct relation has not been established between symptoms and a given genomic locus. In both children and adults with dyslexia, results of neuroimaging studies suggest defective activity and abnormal connectivity between regions crucial for language functions--eg, the left fusiform gyrus for reading--and changes in brain activity associated with performance improvement after various remedial interventions.

                Author and article information

                Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
                [* ] Department of Pediatrics, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
                Author notes
                Reprint requests: Dr Urmila M. Thatte, Professor & Head, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, 1 st Floor, Multi-storey Building, Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai 400 012, Maharashtra, India e-mail: urmilathatte@

                Present address: Superspeciality Medical Officer, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, TN Medical College & BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai 400 008, India

                Indian J Med Res
                Indian J. Med. Res
                The Indian Journal of Medical Research
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                November 2014
                : 140
                : 5
                : 644-648
                Copyright: © Indian Journal of Medical Research

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Original Article


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