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      Left branch extraction, object shift, and freezing effects in Tumbalá Ch’ol

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          Abstract

          Ch’ol (Mayan) exhibits asymmetries in what is available for left branch extraction. While both numerals and interrogative possessors are able to extract from absolutive subject position, only numerals may extract from absolutive object position. To capture this asymmetry, I provide evidence that objects with overt possessors always undergo object shift, blocking left branch extraction. This follows from the Freezing Principle ( Ross 1974; Wexler & Culicover 1977), or a ban on extraction from a moved constituent. Objects with numeral modifiers do not obligatorily undergo object shift and therefore may extract from the object. In addition to numerals and interrogative possessors, I present and analyze possibilities for other elements to extract out of various positions. I situate this work within Agree-based theories of extraction (e.g. Rackowski & Richards 2005; van Urk & Richards 2015; Branan 2018) and discuss this proposal’s theoretical implications. Unless otherwise noted, all data comes from the author’s fieldwork.

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          Most cited references48

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          Step by Step – Essays in Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik

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            Formal syntax

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              Phase Edge and Extraction: A Tagalog Case Study

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                06 March 2020
                2020
                : 5
                : 1
                : 26
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Cornell University, 203 Morrill Hall, Ithaca, NY, US
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.988
                8ab07a8d-ef53-4214-a740-0f3ccf41e3c2
                Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                : 30 April 2019
                : 22 January 2020
                Categories
                Research

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                left branch extraction,Ch’ol,Mayan,islands,freezing effects,object shift,subextraction

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