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      Proteome reference map of Pseudomonas putida strain KT2440 for genome expression profiling: distinct responses of KT2440 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1 to iron deprivation and a new form of superoxide dismutase.

      Environmental Microbiology

      Adaptation, Biological, Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins, analysis, genetics, metabolism, physiology, Dimerization, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Iron, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Subunits, Proteome, Pseudomonas putida, chemistry, RNA, Messenger, Regulon, Repressor Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization, methods, Superoxide Dismutase, Transcription, Genetic

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          The genome sequence of Pseudomonas putida strain KT2440, a nutritionally versatile, saprophytic and plant root-colonizing Gram-negative soil bacterium, was recently determined by K. E. Nelson et al. (2002, Environ Microbiol 4: 799-808). Here, we present a two-dimensional gel protein reference map of KT2440 cells grown in mineral salts medium with glucose as carbon source. Proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis, in conjunction with an in-house database developed from the genome sequence of KT2440, and approximately 200 two-dimensional gel spots were assigned. The map was used to assess the genomic response of KT2440 to iron limitation stress and to compare this response with that of the closely related facultative human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1. The synthesis of about 25 proteins was affected in both strains, including four prominent upregulated ferric uptake regulator (Fur) protein-dependent proteins, but there were also striking differences in their proteome responses, for example in the expression of superoxide dismutases (Sod), which may indicate important roles of iron-responsive functions in the adaptation of these two bacteria to different lifestyles. The Sod enzyme of KT2440 was shown to be a novel heterodimer of the SodA and SodB polypeptides.

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