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      Virus entry by endocytosis.

      Annual review of biochemistry

      Animals, Caveolae, metabolism, Clathrin, Endocytosis, Membrane Microdomains, Phagocytosis, Pinocytosis, Virus Internalization

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          Abstract

          Although viruses are simple in structure and composition, their interactions with host cells are complex. Merely to gain entry, animal viruses make use of a repertoire of cellular processes that involve hundreds of cellular proteins. Although some viruses have the capacity to penetrate into the cytosol directly through the plasma membrane, most depend on endocytic uptake, vesicular transport through the cytoplasm, and delivery to endosomes and other intracellular organelles. The internalization may involve clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), macropinocytosis, caveolar/lipid raft-mediated endocytosis, or a variety of other still poorly characterized mechanisms. This review focuses on the cell biology of virus entry and the different strategies and endocytic mechanisms used by animal viruses.

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          Journal
          20196649
          10.1146/annurev-biochem-060208-104626

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