20 March 2017
The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between glucocorticoid activity regulation, prostaglandin E2 (PGE 2) synthesis, and synovial inflammation inhibition activity, through microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) expression regulated by the glucocorticoid pre-receptor regulator, 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-1 (11β-HSD1). In the present study, fibroblast-like synovial cells of rats were studied as a cell model. Cells were stimulated with 10 ng/ml interleukin (IL)-1β for 24 h, and were subsequently, within the next 24 h, treated with or without 10 −6 mmol/l corticosterone alone or with 100 nmol/l PF915275. At the end of the second 24 h, PGE 2 levels in culture supernatants were assayed. Cells were harvested for mRNA evaluation of 11β-HSD1, mPGES-1, IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and protein detection of 11β-HSD1 and mPGES-1 using reverse transcription-qualitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, respectively. Corticosterone was demonstrated to suppress the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors, such as TNF-α and PGE 2, induced by IL-1β in vitro. Simultaneously, expression levels of 11β-HSD1 decreased significantly at the mRNA and protein levels (P<0.05). Cortisol concentration in the medium of the group treated with corticosterone was significantly increased (P<0.05) compared with that of the control group; however, the cortisol concentration was decreased in the medium when the conversion bioactivity of 11β-HSD1 was inhibited by PF915275, while the changes in 11β-HSD1 and mPGES-1 mRNA expression levels and PGE 2 content were reversed in the medium. These results indicated that a significant positive correlation (P<0.01) may exist between mRNA and protein expression levels. To conclude, 11β-HSD1 is a key regulator for the synthesis of mPGES-1 and PGE 2 in the inflammatory synovial cells in vitro, suggesting a potential interference target for osteoarthritis.