6
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Prevalência de tabagismo entre professores da Educação Básica no Brasil, 2016 Translated title: Prevalence of smoking in Brazilian schoolteachers, 2016 Translated title: Prevalencia del tabaquismo entre profesores de Educación Básica en Brasil, 2016

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Estudo transversal que investigou a prevalência e os fatores associados ao tabagismo em uma amostra aleatória e representativa de 6.510 professores da Educação Básica brasileira. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de questionários aplicados por telefone, contendo informações sociodemográficas, estado de saúde, afastamentos do trabalho e características do trabalho docente. O tabagismo foi analisado como variável dicotômica por meio de regressão logística univariada e multivariada. A prevalência de fumantes atuais foi de 4,4%. Entre os homens, a prevalência foi de 5,9%, sendo maior na faixa etária acima de 55 anos (10,7%). Para as mulheres, a taxa foi de 3,5% e maior na faixa etária entre 45 e 54 anos (5,5%). O modelo final da análise multivariada evidenciou associação negativa entre tabagismo e sexo feminino (OR = 0,46), viver acompanhado (OR = 0,53), problemas ocasionais no trabalho por causa da voz (OR = 0,64) e maior tempo de deslocamento entre a casa do professor e a escola (OR = 0,58). Foi encontrada associação positiva entre o desfecho e maior idade (OR = 2,59), viver nas regiões Sul (OR = 1,98) e Sudeste (OR = 2,07), insuficiência de atividades físicas (OR = 1,66) e o uso de ansiolíticos ou antidepressivos (OR = 2,46). A prevalência de tabagismo entre os professores da Educação Básica no Brasil foi relativamente baixa. Contrariamente ao esperado, apesar de indicadas como inadequadas pelos entrevistados, condições e demandas de trabalho nas escolas não alcançaram significância estatística em relação ao tabagismo no presente estudo.

          Translated abstract

          This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of smoking and associated factors in a nationally representative sample of 6,510 Brazilian schoolteachers. Data were obtained from telephone interviews using a questionnaire on sociodemographic information, health status, work absenteeism, and the characteristics of teaching work. Smoking was analyzed as a dichotomous variable using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Overall smoking prevalence was 4.4%. Prevalence in men was 5.9% and was higher in those over 55 years of age (10.7%). Prevalence in women was 3.5% and was higher from 45 to 54 years of age (5.5%). The final multivariate model showed a negative association between smoking and female gender (OR = 0.46), being married or living with partner (OR = 0.53), occasional voice problems at work (OR = 0.64), and longer commuting time to and from school (OR = 0.58). The results showed positive associations between smoking and older age (OR = 2.59), living in the South (OR = 1.98) and Southeast Brazil (OR = 2.07), insufficient physical activity (OR = 1.66), and use of anxiolytics or antidepressants (OR = 2.46). Prevalence of smoking in Brazilian schoolteachers was relatively low. Unexpectedly, although cited as inadequate by the teachers, work conditions and demands in the schools did not reach statistical significance with smoking in the current study.

          Translated abstract

          Estudio transversal que investigó la prevalencia y factores asociados al tabaquismo en una muestra aleatoria y representativa de 6.510 profesores de Educación Básica brasileña. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante cuestionarios aplicados por teléfono, conteniendo información sociodemográfica, estado de salud, bajas laborales y características del trabajo docente. El tabaquismo fue analizado como variable dicotómica mediante regresión logística univariada y multivariada. La prevalencia de fumadores actuales fue de un 4,4%. Entre los hombres, la prevalencia fue de un 5,9%, siendo mayor en la franja etaria por encima de 55 años (10,7%). Para las mujeres, la tasa fue de 3,5 % y mayor en la franja etaria entre 45 y 54 años (5,5%). El modelo final del análisis multivariado evidenció una asociación negativa entre tabaquismo y sexo femenino (OR = 0,46), vivir acompañado (OR = 0,53), problemas ocasionales en el trabajo por causa de la voz (OR = 0,64), y mayor tiempo de desplazamiento entre la casa del profesor y la escuela (OR = 0,58). Se encontró una asociación positiva entre el resultado y mayor de edad (OR = 2,59), vivir en las regiones Sur (OR = 1,98) y Sudeste (OR = 2,07), insuficiencia de actividades físicas (OR = 1,66) y el uso de ansiolíticos o antidepresivos (OR = 2,46). La prevalencia de tabaquismo entre los profesores de Educación Básica en Brasil fue relativamente baja. Contrariamente a lo esperado, a pesar de ser indicadas como inadecuadas por los entrevistados, las condiciones y demandas de trabajo en las escuelas no alcanzaron significancia estadística, en relación con el tabaquismo en el presente estudio.

          Related collections

          Most cited references39

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Gender differences in mental health.

          Effective strategies for mental disorders prevention and its risk factors' reduction cannot be gender neutral, while the risks themselves are gender specific. This paper aims to discuss why gender matters in mental health, to explain the relationship of gender and health-seeking behaviour as a powerful determinant of gender differences, to examine the gender differences in common mental health disorders, namely, depressive and anxiety disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and domestic violence, and finally, to raise some recommendations stemming from this review.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Work and its role in shaping the social gradient in health.

            Adults with better jobs enjoy better health: job title was, in fact, the social gradient metric first used to study the relationship between social class and chronic disease etiology, a core finding now replicated in most developed countries. What has been less well proved is whether this correlation is causal, and if so, through what mechanisms. During the past decade, much research has been directed at these issues. Best evidence in 2009 suggests that occupation does affect health. Most recent research on the relationship has been directed at disentangling the pathways through which lower-status work leads to adverse health outcomes. This review focuses on six areas of recent progress: (1) the role of status in a hierarchical occupational system; (2) the roles of psychosocial job stressors; (3) effects of workplace physical and chemical hazard exposures; (4) evidence that work organization matters as a contextual factor; (5) implications for the gradient of new forms of nonstandard or "precarious" employment such as contract and shift work; and (6) emerging evidence that women may be impacted differently by adverse working conditions, and possibly more strongly, than men.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: found
              Is Open Access

              Neck/shoulder pain and low back pain among school teachers in China, prevalence and risk factors

              Background School teachers represent an occupational group among which there appears to be a high prevalence of neck and/or shoulder pain (NSP) and low back pain (LBP). Epidemiological data on NSP and LBP in Chinese teachers are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for NSP and LBP among primary, secondary and high school teachers. Methods In a cross-sectional study of teachers from 7 schools, information on participant demographics, work characteristics, occupational factors and musculoskeletal symptoms and pain were collected. Results Among 893 teachers, the prevalence of NSP and LBP was 48.7% and 45.6% respectively. There was significant association between the level and prevalence of NSP and LBP among teachers in different schools. The prevalence of NSP among female teachers was much higher than that for males. Self-reported NSP was associated with physical exercise (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.86), prolonged standing (1.74, 1.03 to 2.95), sitting (1.76, 1.23 to 2.52) and static posture (2.25, 1.56 to 3.24), and uncomfortable back support (1.77, 1.23 to 2.55). LBP was more consistently associated with twisting posture (1.93, 1.30 to 2.87), uncomfortable back support (1.62, 1.13 to 2.32) and prolonged sitting (1.42, 1.00 to 2.02) and static posture (1.60, 1.11 to 2.31). Conclusions NSP and LBP are common among teachers. There were strong associations with different individual, ergonomic, and occupational factors.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                csp
                Cadernos de Saúde Pública
                Cad. Saúde Pública
                Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                0102-311X
                1678-4464
                April 2019
                : 35
                : suppl 1
                Affiliations
                [1] Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais orgnameUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais orgdiv1Núcleo de Estudos Saúde e Trabalho Brazil
                [2] Montes Claros Minas Gerais orgnameUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais orgdiv1Instituto de Ciências Agrárias Brazil
                Article
                S0102-311X2019000505004
                10.1590/0102-311x00180217
                8b67f79e-1376-443e-9e4a-0283d242aa2e

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 47, Pages: 0
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Artigo

                Professores Escolares,Smoking,School Teachers,Cross-Sectional Studies,Fumar,Maestros,Estudios Transversales,Estudos Transversais

                Comments

                Comment on this article