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      Differential Inhibition of Growth Hormone Secretion by Analogs Selective for Somatostatin Receptor Subtypes 2 and 5 in Human Growth-Hormone-Secreting Adenoma Cells in vitro

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          Abstract

          Somatostatin (SRIH), a cyclic tetradecapeptide hormone originally isolated from mammalian hypothalamus, is a potent suppressor of pituitary growth hormone (GH) secretion. SRIH acts through a family of G-protein-coupled membrane receptors containing seven transmembrane domains. Five genes encoding distinct SRIH receptor (SSTR) subtypes have so far been cloned in human and other species and termed SSTR1–5. In human somatotrophe pituitary adenomas GH secretion is controlled by both SSTR2 and SSTR5. However, in clinical practice only somatostatin analogs selective for SSTR2 (octreotide and lanreotide) are available. This may explain why clinical and in vitro responses to these analogs in acromegaly are only partial. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of two new SRIH analogs with high selectivity for SSTR2 (NC-4-28B) and SSTR5 (BIM-23268) and compared it to that of native somatostatin (SRIH-14) on a large number of GH-secreting adenomas obtained by transphenoidal neurosurgery. Tissues from 16 adenomas were enzymatically dispersed and plated in 24-well dishes at 50,000 cells/well. After 3 days, groups of three wells were incubated for 4 h with medium alone, SRIH-14 or analogs NC-4-28B or BIM-23268, at the concentrations of 0.01, 0.1 and 1 µ M. Our results show that 9 out of 16 adenomas were responsive (GH suppression: 20–40% vs. control, p < 0.05) to SRIH. In this group only 4 adenomas showed similar responses to both selective analogs, with 2 nonresponders (expression of other SRIH receptor subtypes) and 2 responders (concomitant expression of SSTR2 and SSTR5) to both analogs. GH release was selectively inhibited by NC-4-28B in 3 adenomas and by BIM-23268 in the remaining 2 adenomas, suggesting predominant expression of SSTR2 and SSTR5, respectively. SRIH failed to inhibit GH release in 7 adenomas (43%). Interestingly, in that group a better inhibitory effect was obtained with BIM-23268 (5 out of 7 adenomas) than with NC-4-28B, suggesting expression of a few SSTR5 receptors only, or of both SSTR2 and SSTR5, respectively. We conclude that the availability of somatostatin analogs selective for SSTR5 will enhance the treatment potency and spectrum in acromegaly.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Pathophysiology of the Neuroregulation of Growth Hormone Secretion in Experimental Animals and the Human

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            Criteria for Cure of Acromegaly: A Consensus Statement 

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2001
                May 2001
                31 May 2001
                : 73
                : 5
                : 344-351
                Affiliations
                aEndocrine Section, Department of Internal Medicine, bInstitute of Microbiology, cNeurosurgery, University of Brescia; dDivisions of Neurosurgery Hospital of Treviso; ePoliclinico Gemelli, Roma; fOspedale Maggiore, Verona, and gDivision of Endocrinology, Niguarda Hospital, Milano, Italy, and hPeptide Laboratory, Tulane University, New Orleans, La., USA
                Article
                54651 Neuroendocrinology 2001;73:344–351
                10.1159/000054651
                11399907
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 33, Pages: 8
                Categories
                Regulation of Anterior Pituitary Secretion

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