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      Effects of high temperature on children’s emergency admissions during summer from 2016 to 2018 in Beijing

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the adverse effects of high temperature on emergency admissions of children during the summer in Beijing.

          Methods Child emergency admissions was collected from 30 hospitals in Beijing during the summer of 2016–2018, as well as data related to meteorological factors and air pollutant concentrations. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the association between the daily mean temperature and emergency admissions of children due to total non-accidental diseases, circ.ulatory diseases, and respiratory diseases during the summer in Beijing.

          Results During the summer of 2016 to 2018 in Beijing, the daily mean temperature was (24.06±3.59) °C, and the daily mean relative humidity was (65.08±17.45) %. Every 1 °C increase in the daily mean temperature on the day of exposure had a significant effect on emergency admissions of children, aged 0–14 years old, due to total non-accidental diseases and respiratory diseases in Beijing, such that the risk of emergency admissions increased by 0.21, 0.64 times, respectively. The effect of high temperature on emergency admissions due to circulatory diseases was not significant. High temperature had inconsistent effects on emergency admissions of children from different age groups. Among them, the largest increase in the risk of emergency admissions due to total non-accidental diseases was observed among children aged 5–9 years old, while children aged 0–4 were vulnerable to emergency admissions for respiratory diseases, and emergency admissions for circulatory diseases were the highest among children aged 10–14.

          Conclusion High temperature had a significant effect on emergency admissions of children during the summer in Beijing. Pediatric respiratory diseases are sensitive diseases that are associated with a high temperature in summer, and greater attention should be given to this issue.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 分析北京市夏季高温对儿童急诊人院的不良影响, 为儿童高温健康防护政策的制定提供科学依据。 方法 收集 2016—2018 年夏季 (6—9 月) 北京市 30 家医院儿童急诊人院数据及同期逐日气象因素和空气污染物数据。基于 Quasi-Possion 回归广义线性模型分析北京市夏季日平均温度对儿童因非意外总疾病、心脑血管系统疾病、呼吸系统疾病急 诊人院的影响。 结果 2016—2018 年夏季, 北京市日均温度为 (24.06±3.59) °C, 日相对湿度为 (65.08±17.45)%。暴露当 日日平均温度每升高 1 °C, 北京市 0~14 岁儿童因非意外总疾病、呼吸系统疾病急诊人院风险分别增加 0.21, 0.64 倍, 尚未 观察到高温对于儿童因心脑血管系统疾病急诊人院的影响。高温对于不同年龄组儿童急诊人院影响不一致, 其中 5~9 岁 儿童因非意外总疾病急诊人院风险增幅最大, 0~4 岁儿童易受呼吸系统疾病急诊人院的影响, 10~14 岁儿童受心脑血管系 统疾病急诊人院影响最大。 结论 北京市夏季高温对儿童急诊人院具有显著影响, 儿童呼吸系统疾病是夏季高温相关敏 感性疾病, 相关部门应该给予充分关注。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 September 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 9
          : 1297-1301
          Affiliations
          [1] 1China CDC Key Laboratory of Environment and Population Health, National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing (100021), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LI Tiantian, E-mail: litiantian@ 123456nieh.chinacdc.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.006
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.09.006
          8b73a631-1bcf-4339-9a65-44712fc4a7f9
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Temperature,Regression analysis,Emergency treatment,Child,Humidity

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