The petro-chemical market in Europe faces a multitude of challenges at present: increasing competition and dependency from external sources; considerable cost and ecological pressures; supply of raw materials, their relative increase in cost; consumer demands; societal demands to reduce environmental impacts, improve sustainability and industrial safety. Industrial production of fuels must respond to these changing needs in order to satisfy its environmental, economic and societal responsibilities.The petro-chemical industry, as one of the biggest global players in the energy sector, is especially called upon to discover innovative ways of providing novel, sustainable solutions. ‘Clean’ technologies are top of the agenda in order to combat pollution levels and the consumption of exhaustible resources. The radical improvements that ‘clean’ technologies would bring can only be achieved by a complete rethinking of production processes.The BIOGO project contributes to this transformation of the production process that is required to realise these radical improvements. BIOGO will focus on biofuels from sustainable sources. Specifically, the advancement of the nanocatalysts used in the synthesis of biofuels and innovating the reactor technology itself. BIOGO will develop and demonstrate a miniplant including all reaction, separation and purification steps from bio-feedstock to hydrocarbon fuel. These activities will help progress the European Commission’s goal of maximising the contribution of nanotechnology to sustainable development in the energy sector.