Objective This study investigated the factors influencing, take-out meal consumption among college students in Shanxi Province and explored the relationship between the frequency of take-out meal consumption and BMI.
Methods A total of 1 631 college students from five universities in Shanxi Province were studied by means of a questionnaire and multi-stage random sampling. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing college students’ take-out meal consumption. The factors influencing overweight and obesity among college students were analyzed with binary Logistic regression.
Results A total of 1 456 college students had some take-out meal consumption. Gender average monthly cost of living, grade, and major were the factors influencing the frequency of college students’ take-out meal consumption (χ 2 = 72.26, 242.89, 351.52, 222.35, P<0.01). The overall overweight and obesity rate among the college students were 12.3%, 19.2% in male students, and 6.6% in female students. After controlling for gender, binary Logistic regression showed that monthly cost of living, grade, major, and permanent residence influenced the frequency of college students’ weekly consumption of out-of-home meals, and this led to a higher the rate of overweight and obesity ( P<0.05).
Conclusion Take-out meal consumption is relatively common among college students, and controlling its frequency could help to reduce the occurrence of overweight and obesity.
【摘要】 目的 了解山西省大学生外卖点餐现状及其与超重肥胖的关系, 为促进大学生健康饮食和预防肥胖带来的患病 风险提供参考建议。 方法 通过多阶段随机抽样的方法, 对山西省大学城内的山西大学、山西理工大学、山西医科大学、山 西师范大学、山西传媒学院 5 所高校的 1 631 名大学生进行问卷调查, 采用有序 Logistic 回归分析影响大学生外卖点餐频 率的影响因素, 并采用二元 Logistic 回归分析大学生超重肥胖的影响因素。 结果 1 456 名大学生有点外卖经历, 性别、月 均生活费、年级和专业是影响大学生外卖点餐频率的影响因素 (χ 2 值分别为 72.26, 242.89, 351.52, 222.35, P 值均<0.01)。大学生超重肥胖率为 12.3%, 其中男生为 19.2%, 女生为 6.6%。二元 Logistic 回归分析结果显示, 在控制性别、月均生活费、年级、专业、常住地后, 大学生每周外卖点餐频率越高, 超重肥胖率越高 ( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 大学生外卖点餐行为比较 普遍, 控制外卖点餐频率有助于降低超重肥胖的发生。