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      Aggressive Interventional Treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          Abstract

          Myocardial necrosis progresses with the duration of coronary occlusion in the early stages of acute myocardial infarction. Prompt recanalization of the infarct-related artery resulting in effective and sustained reperfusion of jeopardized myocardium is the goal of modern therapy. Clinical thrombolysis trials have demonstrated a significant survival advantage for treated patients, but only a modest recovery of global or regional systolic left ventricular function. Accelerated regimens of administering currently available thrombolytic agents are associated with early coronary patency rates approaching 85%, although effective coronary perfusion is restored in only slightly better than one half of patients treated. Primary angioplasty without antecedent thrombolytic therapy has resulted in high patency rates with superior coronary flow when performed in some experienced centers. Treatment of cardiogenic shock requires immediate mechanical or surgical intervention to reestablish coronary perfusion often following placement of a circulatory assistance device. Future trends toward very early initiation of thrombolytic therapy, improvements in adjunctive therapy and advances in the noninvasive detection of recanalization should permit selective use of aggressive interventional therapy for failed thrombolysis in a minority of patients with acute myocardial infarction.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          19 November 2008
          : 86
          : 5
          : 365-373
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Tex., USA
          Article
          176903 Cardiology 1995;86:365–373
          10.1159/000176903
          7585736
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Review

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