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      Captopril Treatment of Hypertension and Renal Failure in Systemic Lupus erythematosus

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          Abstract

          Captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, was used to treat 14 patients with lupus nephritis and severe hypertension. All patients had reduced renal function and were on regular immunosuppressive therapy with corticosteroids and azathioprine. The initial dosage of captopril was reduced according to the level of renal impairement. 11 patients were treated for more than 6 months. Excellent blood pressure control was achieved with captopril, from a mean of 178 ± 7/110 ± 4 to 145 ± 5/92 ± 3 mm Hg at 6 months, usually in combination with a diuretic only. In 5 cases, a β-blocker was added. In 3 patients, captopril therapy was discontinued within the 1st month of treatment. 1 patient did not respond to captopril at all; 1 patient had a rejection crisis and required dialysis; in 1 case, a general exanthema developed within 3 weeks and captopril medication was stopped. In addition to blood pressure control, renal function improved in 7 of the long-term-treated patients (mean increase in glomerular filtration rate 73 ± 34%). In 3 patients, a continued slow deterioration in renal function occurred, and in 1 patient, renal function remained unchanged. It is concluded that captopril is an effective antihypertensive drug in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Captopril treatment increased renal function in 64% of patients on long-term therapy. Not only optimal blood pressure control but other factors may also contribute to this beneficial effect, such as drug-induced prostaglandin release potentiating immunosuppressive treatment. Captopril may in fact be the drug of choice for the treatment of SLE patients with severe hypertension.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1984
          1984
          04 December 2008
          : 38
          : 4
          : 253-256
          Affiliations
          Department of Nephrology, Sahlgrenska Hospital, University of Göteborg, Sweden
          Article
          183318 Nephron 1984;38:253–256
          10.1159/000183318
          6392913
          © 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

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