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      Estudo Exploratório Sobre as Motivações Percebidas no uso Excessivo da Internet em Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos Translated title: An Exploratory Study on the Perceived Motivations Underpinning Excessive Internet Use Among Adolescents and Young Adults


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          Não está claro na literatura se as pessoas que usam a internet excessivamente estão a maior parte do tempo envolvidas de uma forma generalizada ou se, de facto, o uso excessivo se encontra associado a atividades online específicas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo geral a avaliação das mudanças percebidas no comportamento online face a cenários hipotéticos no contexto virtual.


          A amostra foi constituída por 144 (idades: M = 21; DP = 11.94) utilizadores de internet. As atividades preferidas na internet, a sua indisponibilidade e as horas online foram avaliadas em concomitância com a perceção da qualidade de vida geral, face à perceção subjetiva de dependência da internet através de uma metodologia exploratória.


          Verificou-se uma tendência para a preferência de acesso móvel à internet e maior popularidade das atividades online de natureza social. Adicionalmente, a ausência das aplicações favoritas reduziriam significativamente o tempo despendido online e cerca de um terço dos utilizadores optariam por não acederem mais à internet sem as aplicações e funções preferidas. Por fim, a perceção de qualidade de vida geral variou significativamente em função do número de anos de utilização da internet e da perceção subjectiva de dependência da internet, que não obstante, variou em função dos sexos.


          O comportamento online parece ser de natureza específica e não generalizado tal como expresso pelas preferências dos participantes. Limitações e implicações são discutidas.

          Translated abstract


          It is not clear in the literature whether people who engage in excessive Internet use spend most of their time just surfing in general, or if the excessive behaviour is associated with other specific online functions or applications. In the present study, the possible outcomes in the perceived online behaviours using hypothetical scenarios where participants' favourite applications would not be accessible online were investigated.


          The sample comprised 144 Portuguese (age: M = 21; SD = 11.94) speakers Internet users recruited from online forums and communities. Preference for specific online content and its unavailability and time spent online were analysed along with perceived quality of life in relation to Internet addiction when self-diagnosed.


          A trend for preferring mobile Internet access was found while the unavailability of favourite applications seemed to significantly decrease time spent online. Moreover, nearly one third of the sample would not access the Internet anymore without their favourite applications. Perceived quality of life was found to vary significantly in relation to the amount of years online and Internet addiction self-diagnosis. Moreover, the internet addiction self-diagnosis was influenced by participants' sex.


          Online behaviour appears to be more specific in nature rather than generalised. Limitations and implications of the present findings are further discussed.

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          Most cited references32

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          Internet Addiction: The Emergence of a New Clinical Disorder

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            The online disinhibition effect.

            John Suler (2004)
            While online, some people self-disclose or act out more frequently or intensely than they would in person. This article explores six factors that interact with each other in creating this online disinhibition effect: dissociative anonymity, invisibility, asynchronicity, solipsistic introjection, dissociative imagination, and minimization of authority. Personality variables also will influence the extent of this disinhibition. Rather than thinking of disinhibition as the revealing of an underlying "true self," we can conceptualize it as a shift to a constellation within self-structure, involving clusters of affect and cognition that differ from the in-person constellation.
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              Incidence and correlates of pathological Internet use among college students


                Author and article information

                Psychol Community Health
                Psychology, Community & Health
                Psychol. Community Health
                22 July 2014
                : 3
                : 2
                : 90-102
                [a ]International Gaming Research Unit, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom
                [b ]Psychology & Health Research Unit (UIPES), ISPA – Instituto Universitário, Lisbon, Portugal
                [3]Psychology & Health Research Unit (UIPES); ISPA - Instituto Universitário Lisbon, Portugal
                Author notes
                [* ]Nottingham Trent University Graduate School, Burton Street, NG1 4BU, Nottingham, United Kingdom. halley.pontes2013@ 123456my.ntu.ac.uk

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 25 January 2014
                : 14 May 2014
                Self URI (journal-page): https://journals.psychopen.eu/
                Empirical Articles

                dependência, online, preferences, preferências, Internet, addiction, internet


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