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      Spontaneous Rupture of the Internal Elastic Lamina in the Rat: The Manifestation of a Genetically Determined Factor Which May Be Linked to Vascular Fragility

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          Abstract

          The spontaneous rupture of the internal elastic lamina (IEL) in various arteries occurs to different extents in different rat strains. We have quantified this phenomenon in the caudal and renal arteries and abdominal aorta in two normotensive inbred strains: the Brown Norway (BN) and Long Evans (LE) strains. At 5 weeks of age, BN rats of both sexes exhibited small numbers of interruptions in the IEL of the caudal artery, whereas LE rats did not. Postpubertal male and female BN rats presented large numbers of IEL interruptions in the caudal artery and significant numbers in the renal artery and abdominal aorta, whereas LE rats showed few in the caudal artery and none in the other arteries. Treatment with β -aminopropionitrile (BAPN, an inhibitor of lysyl oxidase, the enzyme involved in the formation of cross-links in elastin and collagen) increased the formation of IEL ruptures in both strains in the caudal and renal artery and in the abdominal aorta in BN rats, but not in the abdominal aorta of LE rats. Apart from IEL ruptures, which were more prevalent in BN rats, no differences were observed in the ultrastructure of the aortic elastic fibers between the two strains, either in controls or in BAPN-treated rats. When male rats of both strains were made hypertensive by unilateral nephrectomy and administration of deoxycorticosterone and salt, mortality was more precocious in the BN strain although blood pressure was significantly higher in the BN strain at only one time point. The incidence of cerebrovascular hemorrhage was 48% in BN rats and 0% in LE rats. Hypertension increased the formation of ruptures in the IEL in some arteries – to a greater extent in the BN than in the LE rats. These results raise the possibility that the propensity to spontaneous rupture of the IEL, which is in part genetically determined, may reflect a latent form of vascular fragility which becomes significant in hypertension, resulting in poor survival and susceptibility to cerebrovascular accidents.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1989
          1989
          23 September 2008
          : 26
          : 4
          : 197-212
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, INSERM U7, Hopital Necker, Paris, France
          Article
          158768 Blood Vessels 1989;26:197–212
          10.1159/000158768
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 16
          Categories
          Research Paper

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