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      The usefulness of 99mTc-sestaMIBI thyroid scan in the differential diagnosis and management of amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis.

      European Journal of Endocrinology
      Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Amiodarone, adverse effects, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents, Atrial Fibrillation, drug therapy, Atrial Flutter, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Iodine Radioisotopes, diagnostic use, Male, Middle Aged, Radiopharmaceuticals, Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi, Thyrotoxicosis, chemically induced, radionuclide imaging, ultrasonography, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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          Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is caused by excessive hormone synthesis and release (AIT I) or a destructive process (AIT II). This differentiation has important therapeutic implications. To evaluate (99m)Tc-sestaMIBI (MIBI) thyroid scintigraphy in addition to other diagnostic tools in the diagnosis and management of AIT. Thyroid and (99m)Tc-MIBI scintigraphies were performed in 20 consecutive AIT patients, along with a series of biochemical and instrumental investigations (measurement of thyrotrophin, free thyroid hormones and thyroid autoantibodies; thyroid colour-flow Doppler sonography (CFDS) and thyroid radioiodine uptake (RAIU)). On the basis of instrumental and laboratory data (excluding thyroid (99m)Tc-MIBI scintigraphy) and follow-up, AIT patients could be subdivided into six with AIT I, ten with AIT II and four with indefinite forms of AIT (AIT Ind). (99m)Tc-MIBI uptake results were normal/increased in all the six patients with AIT I and absent in all the ten patients with AIT II. The remaining four patients with AIT Ind showed low, patchy and persistent uptake in two cases and in the other two evident MIBI uptake followed by a rapid washout. MIBI scintigraphy was superior to all other diagnostic tools, including CFDS (suggestive of AIT I in three patients with AIT II and of AIT II in three with AIT Ind) and RAIU, which was measurable in all patients with AIT I, and also in four out of the ten with AIT II. Thyroid MIBI scintigraphy may be proposed as an easy and highly effective tool for the differential diagnosis of different forms of AIT.

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