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      The predictive value of transforming growth factor-β in Wilms tumor immunopathogenesis.

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          Abstract

          Wilms tumor is the most common kidney malignancy in children, especially in children aged less than 6 years. Although therapeutic approach has reached successful rates, there is still room for improvement. Considering the tumor microenvironment, cytokines represent important elements of interaction and communication between tumor cells, stroma, and immune cells. In this regard, the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) family members play significant functions in physiological and pathological conditions, particularly in cancer. By regulating cell growth, death, and immortalization, TGF-β signaling pathways exert tumor suppressor effects in normal and early tumor cells. Thus, it is not surprising that a high number of human tumors arise due to alterations in genes coding for various TGF-β signaling components. Understanding the ambiguous role of TGF-β in human cancer is of paramount importance for the development of new therapeutic strategies to specifically block the metastatic signaling pathway of TGF-β without affecting its tumor suppressive effect. In this context, this review attempt to summarize the involvement of TGF-β in Wilms tumor.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int. Rev. Immunol.
          International reviews of immunology
          Informa UK Limited
          1563-5244
          0883-0185
          May 08 2017
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a Laboratory of Study and Application of DNA Polymorphisms, Department of Pathological Sciences , Biological Sciences Center, State University of Londrina , Londrina-Paraná , Brazil.
          Article
          10.1080/08830185.2017.1291639
          28481647

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