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      Typicality and trajectories of problematic and positive behaviors over adolescence in eight countries


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          In this study, we examine the predictions of a storm and stress characterization of adolescence concerning typicality and trajectories of internalizing, externalizing, and wellbeing from late childhood through late adolescence. Using data from the Parenting Across Cultures study, levels and trajectories of these characteristics were analyzed for 1,211 adolescents from 11 cultural groups across eight countries. Data were longitudinal, collected at seven timepoints from 8 to 17 years of age. Results provide more support for a storm and stress characterization with respect to the developmental trajectories of behavior and characteristics from childhood to adolescence or across the adolescent years than with respect to typicality of behavior. Overall, adolescents’ behavior was more positive than negative in all cultural groups across childhood and adolescence. There was cultural variability in both prevalence and trajectories of behavior. The data provide support for arguments that a more positive and nuanced characterization of adolescence is appropriate and important.

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            Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling.

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              The adolescent brain.

              Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by suboptimal decisions and actions that give rise to an increased incidence of unintentional injuries and violence, alcohol and drug abuse, unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Traditional neurobiological and cognitive explanations for adolescent behavior have failed to account for the nonlinear changes in behavior observed during adolescence, relative to childhood and adulthood. This review provides a biologically plausible conceptualization of the neural mechanisms underlying these nonlinear changes in behavior, as a heightened responsiveness to incentives while impulse control is still relatively immature during this period. Recent human imaging and animal studies provide a biological basis for this view, suggesting differential development of limbic reward systems relative to top-down control systems during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood. This developmental pattern may be exacerbated in those adolescents with a predisposition toward risk-taking, increasing the risk for poor outcomes.

                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                26 January 2023
                : 13
                [1] 1Department of Psychology, Wake Forest University , Winston-Salem, NC, United States
                [2] 2Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University , Durham, NC, United States
                [3] 3Department of Psychology, Università di Roma “La Sapienza” , Rome, Italy
                [4] 4Centre for Child and Youth Studies, University West , Trollhättan, Sweden
                [5] 5Department of Maternal and Child Health and Adolescent Health, Chongqing Medical University , Chongqing, China
                [6] 6Global Health, Duke Kunshan University , Kunshan, Jiangsu, China
                [7] 7Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno University , Maseno, Kenya
                [8] 8Department of Psychology, Temple University , Philadelphia, PA, United States
                [9] 9Department of Psychology, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
                [10] 10Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai University , Chiang Mai, Thailand
                [11] 11Department of Psychology, University of San Buenaventura , Medellín, Colombia
                [12] 12Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University , Quezon City, Philippines
                [13] 13Special Education, Hashemite University , Zarqa, Jordan
                [14] 14Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples “Federico II” , Naples, Italy
                [15] 15Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NIH) , Bethesda, MD, United States
                [16] 16United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) , New York, NY, United States
                [17] 17Institute for Fiscal Studies , London, United Kingdom
                [18] 18Department of Psychology, University of Macau , Taipa, China
                [19] 19Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst , Amherst, MA, United States
                Author notes

                Edited by: Ilaria Grazzani, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy

                Reviewed by: Paul Bartolo, University of Malta, Malta; Alessandro Pepe, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy

                *Correspondence: Christy M. Buchanan, buchanan@ 123456wfu.edu

                This article was submitted to Developmental Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2023 Buchanan, Zietz, Lansford, Skinner, Di Giunta, Dodge, Gurdal, Liu, Long, Oburu, Pastorelli, Sorbring, Steinberg, Tapanya, Uribe Tirado, Yotanyamaneewong, Alampay, Al-Hassan, Bacchini, Bornstein, Chang and Deater-Deckard.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 94, Pages: 18, Words: 15867
                This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grants RO1-HD054805 and F32HD100159, the Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) grant P30 DA023026, the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, United States, and an International Research Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, United Kingdom, funded by the European Research Council under the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme (grant agreement No. 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                adolescent behavior,externalizing and internalizing behavior,wellbeing,storm and stress,cultures


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