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      Compliance with safety measures and risk of COVID-19 transmission among healthcare workers


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          Aim: This study aimed to determine the compliance of healthcare workers (HCWs) with the hospital safety measures and the prevalence of hospital-acquired COVID-19 infection among them. Methodology: HCWs at King Abdullah University Hospital (KAUH) assigned for COVID-19 patients between 18 March and 10 June 2020 were tested for past infection using total anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin assay, demographic data and compliance with safety measures were assessed using a questionnaire. Results: A total of 340 HCWs participated in the study, 260 were close direct care. Three HCWs tested positive for total anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin. Close direct care were more compliant with personal protective guidelines than those providing direct care. Conclusion: HCWs compliance with personal protective guidelines might explain the low prevalence of COVID-19 infection in hospital settings.

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          Hospitals around the globe have implemented safety measures in order to decrease the risk of spreading the virus among healthcare workers (HCWs); our aim in this study is to assess the compliance of HCWs to the safety measures introduced in our hospital and the prevalence of contracting COVID-19 among them using total anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin assay. A total of 113 physicians and 227 nurses participated in the study; results showed a high level of compliance among HCWs working in close direct care and a relatively lower level of compliance among those providing direct care. Three of the HCWs tested positive for the total immunoglobulin assay, indicating the importance of adhering to the safety measures to decrease the risk of contracting the virus.

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          Most cited references36

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          Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China

          In December 2019, novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) occurred in Wuhan, China. The number of cases has increased rapidly but information on the clinical characteristics of affected patients is limited.
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            The experiences of health-care providers during the COVID-19 crisis in China: a qualitative study

            Summary Background In the early stages of the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hubei, China, the local health-care system was overwhelmed. Physicians and nurses who had no infectious disease expertise were recruited to provide care to patients with COVID-19. To our knowledge, no studies on their experiences of combating COVID-19 have been published. We aimed to describe the experiences of these health-care providers in the early stages of the outbreak. Methods We did a qualitative study using an empirical phenomenological approach. Nurses and physicians were recruited from five COVID-19-designated hospitals in Hubei province using purposive and snowball sampling. They participated in semi-structured, in-depth interviews by telephone from Feb 10 to Feb 15, 2020. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using Haase's adaptation of Colaizzi's phenomenological method. Findings We recruited nine nurses and four physicians. Three theme categories emerged from data analysis. The first was “being fully responsible for patients' wellbeing—‘this is my duty’”. Health-care providers volunteered and tried their best to provide care for patients. Nurses had a crucial role in providing intensive care and assisting with activities of daily living. The second category was “challenges of working on COVID-19 wards”. Health-care providers were challenged by working in a totally new context, exhaustion due to heavy workloads and protective gear, the fear of becoming infected and infecting others, feeling powerless to handle patients' conditions, and managing relationships in this stressful situation. The third category was “resilience amid challenges”. Health-care providers identified many sources of social support and used self-management strategies to cope with the situation. They also achieved transcendence from this unique experience. Interpretation The intensive work drained health-care providers physically and emotionally. Health-care providers showed their resilience and the spirit of professional dedication to overcome difficulties. Comprehensive support should be provided to safeguard the wellbeing of health-care providers. Regular and intensive training for all health-care providers is necessary to promote preparedness and efficacy in crisis management. Funding National Key R&D Program of China, Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education in China.
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              Supporting the Health Care Workforce During the COVID-19 Global Epidemic


                Author and article information

                Future Sci OA
                Future Sci OA
                Future Science OA
                Future Science Ltd (London, UK )
                29 October 2021
                October 2021
                29 October 2021
                : FSO762
                1Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
                2Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
                3Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
                4Department of Public Health & Biostatics, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
                Author notes
                [* ]Author for correspondence: Tel.: +962 07 955 6267; nshatnawi@ 123456yahoo.com
                Author information
                © 2021 Nawaf Shatnawi

                This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

                : 04 August 2021
                : 14 October 2021
                : 29 October 2021
                Page count
                Pages: 8
                Research Article

                compliance of hcws,covid-19,healthcare workers,king abdullah university hospital,sars-cov-2,total anti-sars-cov-2 immunoglobulin assay


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