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      Security by any other name: negative security, positive security, and a multi-actor security approach

      Review of International Studies

      Cambridge University Press (CUP)

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          Abstract

          This article examines the challenges and contradictions between some of the leading conceptions of security within the field of International Relations (IR), from those stating that the concept can only be employed by the state with regard to immediate, existential threats, to those that see security as the foundation of social life or as a human good. This article continues a discussion that has taken place in the Review of International Studies regarding the development of positive security, examining the potential use of the terms ‘negative’ and ‘positive’ security to bring clarity to these diverging security perspectives and to argue for a multi-actor security approach. It is argued that positive security perspectives, which rely on non-violent measures, ensure an emphasis upon context, values, and security practices that build trust, and by use of a multi-actor security model, shows the dynamics between state and non-state actors in the creation of security.

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          Most cited references 45

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          The Renaissance of Security Studies

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            The Little Mermaid's Silent Security Dilemma and the Absence of Gender in the Copenhagen School

             Lene Hansen (2000)
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              Regions and Powers

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Review of International Studies
                Rev. Int. Stud.
                Cambridge University Press (CUP)
                0260-2105
                1469-9044
                October 2012
                February 22 2012
                October 2012
                : 38
                : 4
                : 835-859
                Article
                10.1017/S0260210511000751
                © 2012

                https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms

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