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      Impact of Toll-Like Receptor 4 Signaling in Necrotizing Enterocolitis

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      Clinics in Perinatology

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a leading cause of preterm infant mortality. NEC is multifactorial and thought to be a consequence of intestinal immaturity, microbial dysbiosis and an exuberant inflammatory response. Over the last decade, exaggerated TLR4 activity in the immature intestine of preterm neonates emerged as an inciting event preceding NEC. High TLR4 activity in epithelial cells results in the initiation of an uncontrolled immune response and destruction of the mucosal barrier. We will discuss the state of the science of the molecular mechanisms involved in TLR4-mediated inflammation during NEC and the development of new therapeutic strategies to prevent NEC.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Clinics in Perinatology
          Clinics in Perinatology
          Elsevier BV
          00955108
          March 2019
          March 2019
          : 46
          : 1
          : 145-157
          Article
          10.1016/j.clp.2018.09.007
          6383801
          30771815
          © 2019

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