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      Social integration and healthy aging in Japan: how gender and rurality matter.

      Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

      Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, ethnology, psychology, Depression, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Japan, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Rural Population, Sex Factors

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          Abstract

          The current study analyzed the 1999 and 2001 waves of the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging. Two measures of social integration were associated with lower risks of being physically disabled or depressed at Wave 1 and with a lower risk of progressing into deeper levels of physical disability and depression by Wave 2. Ceteris paribus, compared to elderly urbanites, elderly ruralites had a much higher risk of being physically disabled but much lower odds of being depressed. And compared to elderly men, elderly women had similar risks of being physically disabled but much higher odds of being depressed. Suggestions are made on how future research on longevity in Japan, the world's most longevous nation, can explore the links among social integration, place, gender, and the postponement of mortality.

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          Journal
          20440547
          2922932
          10.1007/s10823-010-9118-6

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