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      Tissue Norepinephrine Concentration in Spontaneously Diabetic Chinese Hamsters

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          Abstract

          There is some controversy concerning a possible effect of diabetes mellitus on the sympathetic nervous system in humans with spontaneous diabetes mellitus and in animals with experimental diabetes mellitus. In this study we compared the tissue norepinephrine (NE) concentration of normal and diabetic Chinese hamsters in the untreated state and after treatment with insulin. Diabetes resulted in a 128% increase in the NE concentration of the kidney in female but not male hamsters. The NE concentration was increased in the liver (133%) and in the cerebral cortex (118%) of both male and female hamsters. There was no significant increase in the NE concentration of hypothalamus, acinar pancreas, pancreatic islets, or heart of diabetic hamsters. Three days of insulin therapy reduced the elevated NE concentration in kidney, liver and cerebral cortex of diabetic hamsters to the levels found in normal hamsters. However, insulin therapy of normal hamsters did not reduce the tissue NE concentration of the kidney, liver, and cerebral cortex below the normal levels found in these animals. Insulin therapy reduced the hypothalamic concentration of NE in both diabetic and normal hamsters. The increase in kidney NE concentration in female diabetic hamsters was not due to a reduction in renal size, for the kidneys of both female and male diabetic hamsters were larger than those of normal hamsters. When synthesis of NE was inhibited with α-methyltyrosine, there was a comparable rate of fall in the tissue NE concentration in the four experimental groups, suggesting that the increased tissue NE concentration in the tissues of diabetic hamsters was not due to a decreased rate of disappearance of this compound. We conclude that insulin deficiency in diabetes mellitus probably causes an increased rate of NE synthesis in some tissues of the Chinese hamster.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1988
          1988
          28 November 2008
          : 29
          : 4
          : 168-175
          Affiliations
          Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., USA; Diabetes and Atherosclerosis Research, The Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, Mich., USA
          Article
          180996 Horm Res 1988;29:168–175
          10.1159/000180996
          3065204
          © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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