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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and correctional health care.

Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care

epidemiology, complications, Substance-Related Disorders, Sex Factors, statistics & numerical data, Prisons, Prevalence, Motivation, Mental Health Services, Memory, Humans, Expressed Emotion, Criminal Law, Behavior, Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Attention

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      Two thirds of all felons released from state prisons are rearrested within 3 years. This appalling recidivism rate explains the intense and growing interest on the topic of desistance from crime. Yet, inexplicably, one of the major factors affecting desistance from crime and the recidivism rate has received scant attention. That factor is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This article establishes the widespread prevalence of ADHD in the prison system and the critical importance of identifying and treating ADHD as an essential component for any best practice models for preventing crime and reducing recidivism. It also examines the major mechanisms whereby ADHD increases the risk for crime and recidivism.

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