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      Managing the Uncertainty and Accuracy of Life Cycle Assessment Results for the Process of Beverage Bottle Moulding

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          Abstract

          Using environmentally friendly materials in the technological process of bottle production fits perfectly into the idea of sustainable development. The use of natural raw materials as well as conscious energy consumption are strategic aspects that should be considered in order to improve the effectiveness of the bottle moulding process. This paper presents a new and structured approach to the analysis of uncertainty and sensitivity in life cycle assessment, one developed in order to support the design process of environmentally friendly food packaging materials. With regard to this “probabilistic” approach to life cycle assessment, results are expressed as ranges of environmental impacts, and alternative solutions are developed while offering the concept of input uncertainty and the effect thereof on the final result. This approach includes: (1) the evaluation of the quality of inputs (represented by the origin matrix); (2) the reliability of results and (3) the uncertainty of results (the Monte Carlo method). The use of the methodology is illustrated based on an experiment conducted with real data from the technological process of bottle production. The results provide insight into the uncertainty of life cycle assessment indicators regarding global warming, acidification and the use of arable fields and farmland.

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          Most cited references 57

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          The ecoinvent Database: Overview and Methodological Framework (7 pp)

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            Data quality management for life cycle inventories—an example of using data quality indicators

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Polymers (Basel)
                Polymers (Basel)
                polymers
                Polymers
                MDPI
                2073-4360
                10 June 2020
                June 2020
                : 12
                : 6
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Technical Systems Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland; weronika.kruszelnicka@ 123456utp.edu.pl (W.K.); a.tomporowski@ 123456utp.edu.pl (A.T.); robert.kasner@ 123456gmail.com (R.K.); fliz@ 123456utp.edu.pl (J.F.)
                [2 ]Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland; k.piotrowska@ 123456pollub.pl (K.P.); m.blaszczak@ 123456pollub.pl (M.B.); m.opielak@ 123456pollub.pl (M.O.)
                Author notes
                Article
                polymers-12-01320
                10.3390/polym12061320
                7361796
                32531898
                © 2020 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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