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      Autocrine and Paracrine Effects of Peptides on Human Pituitary Cells

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          Abstract

          In contrast to normal human pituitaries, GH-secreting adenomas cannot process in vivo ProSRIH whereas they do it in vitro. The existence of an endogenous factor able to inhibit ProSRIH processing in vivo was postulated and such a role was analyzed for GHRH. Results showed that when GH adenomas are incubated in vitro with GHRH 10<sup>-8</sup> M, their ProSRIH contents are decreased, percent inhibition being negatively correlated to the amount of endogenously released GHRH. When incubation is performed in the presence of GHRH antibody in order to block the effect of endogenous GHRH, ProSRIH content is increased. The same effects are observed on SRIH release: inhibition by GHRH, stimulation by GHRH antibody. Normal rabbit serum had no effect. It may therefore be concluded that the absence of ProSRIH maturation observed in adenomas in vivo may be the consequence of the GHRH release that is known to be higher from GH adenomas than from normal pituitaries.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5784-9
          978-3-318-01952-0
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1992
          1992
          03 December 2008
          : 38
          : 1-2
          : 100-104
          Affiliations
          INSERM U223, Paris, France
          Article
          182501 Horm Res 1992;38:100–104
          10.1159/000182501
          1363983
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Hormonal Resistance Syndromes

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