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      Migrations and dynamics of the intertropical convergence zone.

      1 , 1 , 2
      Nature
      Springer Nature

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          Abstract

          Rainfall on Earth is most intense in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a narrow belt of clouds centred on average around six degrees north of the Equator. The mean position of the ITCZ north of the Equator arises primarily because the Atlantic Ocean transports energy northward across the Equator, rendering the Northern Hemisphere warmer than the Southern Hemisphere. On seasonal and longer timescales, the ITCZ migrates, typically towards a warming hemisphere but with exceptions, such as during El Niño events. An emerging framework links the ITCZ to the atmospheric energy balance and may account for ITCZ variations on timescales from years to geological epochs.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Nature
          Nature
          Springer Nature
          1476-4687
          0028-0836
          Sep 04 2014
          : 513
          : 7516
          Affiliations
          [1 ] 1] California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA [2] Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland.
          [2 ] Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland.
          Article
          nature13636
          10.1038/nature13636
          25186899
          8d6db490-1234-4e7c-8bb4-650bbe852b63
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